Associations of aspirin and other anti-inflammatory medications with breast cancer risk by the status of COX-2 expression

Lusine Yaghjyan, A. Heather Eliassen, Graham Colditz, Bernard Rosner, Pepper Schedin, Akemi Wijayabahu, Rulla M. Tamimi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: We investigated the associations of aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with breast cancer risk by the status of COX-2 protein expression. Methods: This study included 421 cases and 3,166 controls from a nested case–control study within the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS) and Nurses’ Health Study II (NHSII) cohorts. Information on medication use was first collected in 1980 (NHS) and 1989 (NHSII) and was updated biennially. Medication use was defined as none, past or current; average cumulative dose and frequency were calculated for all past or current users using data collected from all biannual questionnaires preceding the reference date. Immunochemistry for COX-2 expression was performed using commercial antibody (Cayman Chemical and Thermo Fisher Scientific). We used polychotomous logistic regression to quantify associations of aspirin and NSAIDs with the risk of COX2+ and COX2− breast cancer tumors, while adjusting for known breast cancer risk factors. All tests of statistical significance were two-sided. Results: In multivariate analysis, we found no differences in associations of the aspirin exposures and NSAIDs with breast cancer risk by COX2 expression status. In stratified analyses by COX2 status, significant associations of these medications with breast cancer risk were observed for dosage of aspirin among current users in COX2- tumors (OR for > 5 tablets per week vs. none 1.71, 95% CI 1.01–2.88, p-trend 0.04). Regular aspirin use was marginally associated with the risk of COX2- tumors (p-trend = 0.06). Conclusions: Our findings suggested no differences in associations of aspirin and other NSAIDs with COX2+ and COX2− tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number89
JournalBreast Cancer Research
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Aspirin
  • Breast cancer risk
  • COX-2
  • NSAIDs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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