Association of whole blood fatty acids and growth in southern ghanaian children 2–6 years of age

Mary Adjepong, William Yakah, William Harris, Esi Colecraft, Grace S. Marquis, Jenifer I. Fenton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In Ghana, stunting rates in children below 5 years of age vary regionally. Dietary fatty acids (FAs) are crucial for linear growth. The objective of this study was to determine the association between blood FAs and growth parameters in southern Ghanaian children 2–6 years of age. A drop of blood was collected on an antioxidant treated card and analyzed for FA composition. Weight and height were measured and z-scores calculated. Relationships between FAs and growth were analyzed by linear regressions and factor analysis. Of the 209 subjects, 22% were stunted and 10.6% were essential FA deficient (triene/tetraene ratio > 0.02). Essential FA did not differ between stunted and non-stunted children and was not associated with height-for-age z-score or weight-for-age z-score. Similarly, no relationships between other blood fatty acids and growth parameters were observed in this population. However, when blood fatty acid levels in these children were compared to previously reported values from northern Ghana, the analysis showed that blood omega-3 FA levels were significantly higher and omega-6 FA levels lower in the southern Ghanaian children (p < 0.001). Fish and seafood consumption in this southern cohort was high and could account for the lower stunting rates observed in these children compared to other regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number954
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fatty Acids
fatty acids
blood
Growth
Growth Disorders
Ghana
Essential Fatty Acids
essential fatty acids
growth retardation
Omega-6 Fatty Acids
Weights and Measures
Seafood
hematologic tests
omega-6 fatty acids
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
seafoods
dietary fat
omega-3 fatty acids
Statistical Factor Analysis
Linear Models

Keywords

  • Fish
  • Ghana
  • Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA)
  • Omega-3 index
  • Stunting
  • Undernutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Adjepong, M., Yakah, W., Harris, W., Colecraft, E., Marquis, G. S., & Fenton, J. I. (2018). Association of whole blood fatty acids and growth in southern ghanaian children 2–6 years of age. Nutrients, 10(8), [954]. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10080954

Association of whole blood fatty acids and growth in southern ghanaian children 2–6 years of age. / Adjepong, Mary; Yakah, William; Harris, William; Colecraft, Esi; Marquis, Grace S.; Fenton, Jenifer I.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 10, No. 8, 954, 01.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adjepong, M, Yakah, W, Harris, W, Colecraft, E, Marquis, GS & Fenton, JI 2018, 'Association of whole blood fatty acids and growth in southern ghanaian children 2–6 years of age', Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 8, 954. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10080954
Adjepong M, Yakah W, Harris W, Colecraft E, Marquis GS, Fenton JI. Association of whole blood fatty acids and growth in southern ghanaian children 2–6 years of age. Nutrients. 2018 Aug 1;10(8). 954. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10080954
Adjepong, Mary ; Yakah, William ; Harris, William ; Colecraft, Esi ; Marquis, Grace S. ; Fenton, Jenifer I. / Association of whole blood fatty acids and growth in southern ghanaian children 2–6 years of age. In: Nutrients. 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 8.
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