Association of Title X clinic status with receipt of person-centered contraceptive counseling: A population-based study

Katie Hansen, Emily R. Boniface, Blair G. Darney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To describe receipt of person-centered contraceptive counseling among reproductive-aged women in the United States who sought contraceptive care at Title X clinics, non-Title X public clinics, and private clinics. Study Design: We conducted a secondary analysis of the 2017−2019 wave of the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). The sample included female respondents ages 15-49 who received contraceptive services in the past year and completed the Person-Centered Contraceptive Counseling (PCCC) measure, a quality metric evaluating interpersonal quality of the care received. We used multivariable logistic regression to estimate the predicted probability of receiving person-centered contraceptive counseling by source of care, adjusted for individual-level characteristics. Results: Of 2225 (weighted n = 26,599,620) eligible respondents, 6.9% received care at a Title X clinic, 8.2% at a non-Title X public clinic, and 84.9% at a private clinic. The adjusted predicted probability of receiving person-centered contraceptive counseling among respondents attending private clinics was 50.6% (95% CI 46.3%−54.8%) compared with 51.3% (95% CI 40.4%−62.3%) at Title X clinics and 52.4% (95% CI 44.0%−60.7%) at other public clinics. Respondents with incomes ≥300% above the federal poverty level (FPL) had higher odds of reporting receipt of person-centered counseling compared to those with incomes below 100% of the FPL (aOR = 2.12; 95% CI 1.47−3.06). Non-Latina Black respondents had lower odds of receiving person-centered contraceptive counseling (aOR = 0.69; 95% CI 0.51−0.94), compared to non-Latina white respondents. Conclusion: Title X clinics perform as well as the private sector in delivering person-centered contraceptive counseling. Implications: Title X clinics provide quality person-centered contraceptive counseling on par with the private sector, despite serving populations that are often less likely to report high quality care. Broad implementation of the PCCC measure will permit tracking person-centered contraceptive care across diverse practice settings and populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-43
Number of pages8
JournalContraception
Volume115
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Contraceptive counseling
  • Health care quality
  • PCCC
  • Patient-centered
  • Title X

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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