Association of Promoter Methylation of VGF and PGP9.5 with Ovarian Cancer Progression

Mariana Brait, Leonel Maldonado, Maartje Noordhuis, Shahnaz Begum, Myriam Loyo, Maria Luana Poeta, Alvaro Barbosa, Vito M. Fazio, Roberto Angioli, Carla Rabitti, Luigi Marchionni, Pauline de Graeff, Ate G.J. van der Zee, G. Bea A. Wisman, David Sidransky, Mohammad O. Hoque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose:To elucidate the role of biological and clinical impact of aberrant promoter hypermethylation (PH) in ovarian cancer (OC).Experimental Design:PH of PGP9.5, HIC1, AIM1, APC, PAK3, MGMT, KIF1A, CCNA1, ESR1, SSBP2, GSTP1, FKBP4 and VGF were assessed by quantitative methylation specific PCR (QMSP) in a training set. We selected two genes (VGF and PGP9.5) for further QMSP analysis in a larger independent validation (IV) set with available clinical data. Biologic relevance of VGF gene was also evaluated.Results:PH frequency for PGP9.5 and VGF were 85% (316/372) and 43% (158/366) respectively in the IV set of samples while no PH was observed in controls. In 372 OC cases with available follow up, PGP9.5 and VGF PH were correlated with better patient survival [Hazard Ratios (HR) for overall survival (OS) were 0.59 (95% Confidence Intervals (CI) = 0.42-0.84, p = 0.004), and 0.73 (95%CI = 0.55-0.97, p = 0.028) respectively, and for disease specific survival (DSS) were 0.57 (95%CI 0.39-0.82, p = 0.003) and 0.72 (95%CI 0.54-0.96, p = 0.027). In multivariate analysis, VGF PH remained an independent prognostic factor for OS (HR 0.61, 95%CI 0.43-0.86, p<0.005) and DSS (HR 0.58, 95%CI 0.41-0.83, p<0.003). Furthermore, PGP9.5 PH was significantly correlated with lower grade, early stage tumors, and with absence of residual disease. Forced expression of VGF in OC cell lines inhibited cell growth.Conclusions:Our results indicate that VGF and PGP9.5 PH are potential biomarkers for ovarian carcinoma. Confirmatory cohorts with longitudinal follow-up are required in future studies to define the clinical impact of VGF and PGP9.5 PH before clinical application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere70878
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 27 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Association of Promoter Methylation of VGF and PGP9.5 with Ovarian Cancer Progression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Brait, M., Maldonado, L., Noordhuis, M., Begum, S., Loyo, M., Poeta, M. L., Barbosa, A., Fazio, V. M., Angioli, R., Rabitti, C., Marchionni, L., de Graeff, P., van der Zee, A. G. J., Wisman, G. B. A., Sidransky, D., & Hoque, M. O. (2013). Association of Promoter Methylation of VGF and PGP9.5 with Ovarian Cancer Progression. PloS one, 8(9), [e70878]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0070878