Association of Physician Specialty with Hospice Referral for Hospitalized Nursing Home Patients with Advanced Dementia

Claire K. Ankuda, Susan L. Mitchell, Pedro Gozalo, Vince Mor, David Meltzer, Joan Teno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Hospitalists hospice referral patterns have been unstudied. This study aims to examine hospice referral rates by attending type for hospitalized nursing home (NH) residents with advanced cognitive impairment (ACI) at the time of discharge between 2000 and 2010. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Participants: Hospitalized NH residents age ≥66 drawn from the 20% sample of Medicare beneficiaries with ACI, 4 or more activities of daily living (ADL) impairments on last minimum data set (MDS) assessment completed within 120 days of admission (n = 128,989). Measurements: Hospice referral was defined as referral to hospice within 1 day after hospital discharge. Attending physician type was determined by Part B physician billing for 100% of the billings during that admission. Continuity of care was defined as the hospital physician also billing for an outpatient visit within 120 days of that hospital admission. Number of ADL impairments, cognitive measures, pre-admission illnesses and illness severity were derived from the MDS. Results: Of the 105,329 hospitalized patients with ACI that survived to discharge (72.3% white, 30.6% male), the hospice referral rate at the time of hospital discharge increased from 2.8% in 2000 to 11.2% in 2010. Using a multivariate, hospital fixed effects model examining changes in the distribution of inpatient attending physicians, hospitalists compared to generalist physicians were more likely to refer these patients to hospice at discharge (AOR 1.17, 95% CI 1.09–1.26). Continuity of physician care from the outpatient setting to the hospital was associated with lower hospice referral (AOR 0.78, 95% CI 0.73–0.85). Conclusion: Hospice referrals for NH-dwelling persons with ACI admitted to the hospital increased between 2000 and 2011 and disproportionately so when the attending physician was a hospitalist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1784-1788
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume65
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hospices
Nursing Homes
Dementia
Referral and Consultation
Physicians
Hospitalists
Continuity of Patient Care
Activities of Daily Living
Outpatients
Hospice and Palliative Care Nursing
Medicare
Inpatients
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Cognitive Dysfunction

Keywords

  • advanced cognitive impairment
  • health services research
  • hospice
  • hospitalist care
  • inpatient care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Association of Physician Specialty with Hospice Referral for Hospitalized Nursing Home Patients with Advanced Dementia. / Ankuda, Claire K.; Mitchell, Susan L.; Gozalo, Pedro; Mor, Vince; Meltzer, David; Teno, Joan.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 65, No. 8, 01.08.2017, p. 1784-1788.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ankuda, Claire K. ; Mitchell, Susan L. ; Gozalo, Pedro ; Mor, Vince ; Meltzer, David ; Teno, Joan. / Association of Physician Specialty with Hospice Referral for Hospitalized Nursing Home Patients with Advanced Dementia. In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2017 ; Vol. 65, No. 8. pp. 1784-1788.
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abstract = "Objectives: Hospitalists hospice referral patterns have been unstudied. This study aims to examine hospice referral rates by attending type for hospitalized nursing home (NH) residents with advanced cognitive impairment (ACI) at the time of discharge between 2000 and 2010. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Participants: Hospitalized NH residents age ≥66 drawn from the 20{\%} sample of Medicare beneficiaries with ACI, 4 or more activities of daily living (ADL) impairments on last minimum data set (MDS) assessment completed within 120 days of admission (n = 128,989). Measurements: Hospice referral was defined as referral to hospice within 1 day after hospital discharge. Attending physician type was determined by Part B physician billing for 100{\%} of the billings during that admission. Continuity of care was defined as the hospital physician also billing for an outpatient visit within 120 days of that hospital admission. Number of ADL impairments, cognitive measures, pre-admission illnesses and illness severity were derived from the MDS. Results: Of the 105,329 hospitalized patients with ACI that survived to discharge (72.3{\%} white, 30.6{\%} male), the hospice referral rate at the time of hospital discharge increased from 2.8{\%} in 2000 to 11.2{\%} in 2010. Using a multivariate, hospital fixed effects model examining changes in the distribution of inpatient attending physicians, hospitalists compared to generalist physicians were more likely to refer these patients to hospice at discharge (AOR 1.17, 95{\%} CI 1.09–1.26). Continuity of physician care from the outpatient setting to the hospital was associated with lower hospice referral (AOR 0.78, 95{\%} CI 0.73–0.85). Conclusion: Hospice referrals for NH-dwelling persons with ACI admitted to the hospital increased between 2000 and 2011 and disproportionately so when the attending physician was a hospitalist.",
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