The dendritic protein microtubule associated protein 2 (MAP-2), the presynaptic marker synaptophysin (SYN), and apolipoprotein E (APOE), a protein which plays a role in lipid transport and metabolism and affects synaptic activity show changes with age. We analyzed post-mortem tissue from aged female rhesus macaques cognitively tested in a spatial maze and classified as good spatial performers (GSP) or poor spatial performers (PSP) and behaviorally tested in a playroom and classified as bold or reserved animals. . MAP2, . SYN, and . APOE mRNA and protein levels in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), hippocampus, and amygdala, were assessed using qRT-PCR and western blot. In the amygdala, bold monkeys had higher levels of . MAP2 and . SYN mRNA than reserved monkeys. . MAP2 mRNA correlated positively with amygdala size on the right, left, and combined left and right sides, while . SYN mRNA levels correlated positively with the size of the right amygdala. In the hippocampus, SYN and APOE protein levels were higher in GSP than PSP animals. Thus, in aged nonhuman primates, classification of measures of anxiety is associated with differences in selected mRNA, but not protein, levels. In contrast, classification of cognitive performance is associated with differences in selected protein, but not mRNA, levels.
- Cognitive function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Behavioral Neuroscience
Association of microtubule associated protein-2, synaptophysin, and apolipoprotein E mRNA and protein levels with cognition and anxiety levels in aged female rhesus macaques. / Haley, Gwendolen E.; Eghlidi, Dominique H.; Kohama, Steven; Urbanski, Henryk; Raber, Jacob.In: Behavioural Brain Research, Vol. 232, No. 1, 15.06.2012, p. 1-6.
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