Association of childhood physical and sexual abuse with intimate partner violence, poor general health and depressive symptoms among pregnant women

Yasmin V. Barrios, Bizu Gelaye, Qiuyue Zhong, Christina Nicolaidis, Marta B. Rondon, Pedro J. Garcia, Pedro A. Mascaro Sanchez, Sixto E. Sanchez, Michelle A. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: We examined associations of childhood physical and sexual abuse with risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). We also evaluated the extent to which childhood abuse was associated with self-reported general health status and symptoms of antepartum depression in a cohort of pregnant Peruvian women. Methods: In-person interviews were conducted to collect information regarding history of childhood abuse and IPV from 1,521 women during early pregnancy. Antepartum depressive symptomatology was evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Multivariable logistic regression procedures were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Results: Any childhood abuse was associated with 2.2-fold increased odds of lifetime IPV (95%CI: 1.72-2.83). Compared with women who reported no childhood abuse, those who reported both, childhood physical and sexual abuse had a 7.14-fold lifetime risk of physical and sexual IPV (95%CI: 4.15-12.26). The odds of experiencing physical and sexual abuse by an intimate partner in the past year was 3.33-fold higher among women with a history of childhood physical and sexual abuse as compared to women who were not abused as children (95%CI 1.60-6.89). Childhood abuse was associated with higher odds of self-reported poor health status during early pregnancy (aOR = 1.32, 95%CI: 1.04-1.68) and with symptoms of antepartum depression (aOR = 2.07, 95%CI: 1.58-2.71). Conclusion: These data indicate that childhood sexual and physical abuse is associated with IPV, poor general health and depressive symptoms in early pregnancy. The high prevalence of childhood trauma and its enduring effects of on women's health warrant concerted global health efforts in preventing violence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0116609
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

sexual abuse
violence
Sex Offenses
pregnant women
childhood
signs and symptoms (animals and humans)
Pregnant Women
Health
Confidence Intervals
Depression
confidence interval
Odds Ratio
Pregnancy
Health Status
odds ratio
pregnancy
health status
Sexual Partners
Women's Health
Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Barrios, Y. V., Gelaye, B., Zhong, Q., Nicolaidis, C., Rondon, M. B., Garcia, P. J., ... Williams, M. A. (2015). Association of childhood physical and sexual abuse with intimate partner violence, poor general health and depressive symptoms among pregnant women. PLoS One, 10(1), [e0116609]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116609

Association of childhood physical and sexual abuse with intimate partner violence, poor general health and depressive symptoms among pregnant women. / Barrios, Yasmin V.; Gelaye, Bizu; Zhong, Qiuyue; Nicolaidis, Christina; Rondon, Marta B.; Garcia, Pedro J.; Mascaro Sanchez, Pedro A.; Sanchez, Sixto E.; Williams, Michelle A.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 10, No. 1, e0116609, 30.01.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barrios, YV, Gelaye, B, Zhong, Q, Nicolaidis, C, Rondon, MB, Garcia, PJ, Mascaro Sanchez, PA, Sanchez, SE & Williams, MA 2015, 'Association of childhood physical and sexual abuse with intimate partner violence, poor general health and depressive symptoms among pregnant women', PLoS One, vol. 10, no. 1, e0116609. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116609
Barrios, Yasmin V. ; Gelaye, Bizu ; Zhong, Qiuyue ; Nicolaidis, Christina ; Rondon, Marta B. ; Garcia, Pedro J. ; Mascaro Sanchez, Pedro A. ; Sanchez, Sixto E. ; Williams, Michelle A. / Association of childhood physical and sexual abuse with intimate partner violence, poor general health and depressive symptoms among pregnant women. In: PLoS One. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 1.
@article{1c729513c58b46c485fcb6f0357035b6,
title = "Association of childhood physical and sexual abuse with intimate partner violence, poor general health and depressive symptoms among pregnant women",
abstract = "Objective: We examined associations of childhood physical and sexual abuse with risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). We also evaluated the extent to which childhood abuse was associated with self-reported general health status and symptoms of antepartum depression in a cohort of pregnant Peruvian women. Methods: In-person interviews were conducted to collect information regarding history of childhood abuse and IPV from 1,521 women during early pregnancy. Antepartum depressive symptomatology was evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Multivariable logistic regression procedures were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95{\%} confidence intervals (95{\%}CI). Results: Any childhood abuse was associated with 2.2-fold increased odds of lifetime IPV (95{\%}CI: 1.72-2.83). Compared with women who reported no childhood abuse, those who reported both, childhood physical and sexual abuse had a 7.14-fold lifetime risk of physical and sexual IPV (95{\%}CI: 4.15-12.26). The odds of experiencing physical and sexual abuse by an intimate partner in the past year was 3.33-fold higher among women with a history of childhood physical and sexual abuse as compared to women who were not abused as children (95{\%}CI 1.60-6.89). Childhood abuse was associated with higher odds of self-reported poor health status during early pregnancy (aOR = 1.32, 95{\%}CI: 1.04-1.68) and with symptoms of antepartum depression (aOR = 2.07, 95{\%}CI: 1.58-2.71). Conclusion: These data indicate that childhood sexual and physical abuse is associated with IPV, poor general health and depressive symptoms in early pregnancy. The high prevalence of childhood trauma and its enduring effects of on women's health warrant concerted global health efforts in preventing violence.",
author = "Barrios, {Yasmin V.} and Bizu Gelaye and Qiuyue Zhong and Christina Nicolaidis and Rondon, {Marta B.} and Garcia, {Pedro J.} and {Mascaro Sanchez}, {Pedro A.} and Sanchez, {Sixto E.} and Williams, {Michelle A.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0116609",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association of childhood physical and sexual abuse with intimate partner violence, poor general health and depressive symptoms among pregnant women

AU - Barrios, Yasmin V.

AU - Gelaye, Bizu

AU - Zhong, Qiuyue

AU - Nicolaidis, Christina

AU - Rondon, Marta B.

AU - Garcia, Pedro J.

AU - Mascaro Sanchez, Pedro A.

AU - Sanchez, Sixto E.

AU - Williams, Michelle A.

PY - 2015/1/30

Y1 - 2015/1/30

N2 - Objective: We examined associations of childhood physical and sexual abuse with risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). We also evaluated the extent to which childhood abuse was associated with self-reported general health status and symptoms of antepartum depression in a cohort of pregnant Peruvian women. Methods: In-person interviews were conducted to collect information regarding history of childhood abuse and IPV from 1,521 women during early pregnancy. Antepartum depressive symptomatology was evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Multivariable logistic regression procedures were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Results: Any childhood abuse was associated with 2.2-fold increased odds of lifetime IPV (95%CI: 1.72-2.83). Compared with women who reported no childhood abuse, those who reported both, childhood physical and sexual abuse had a 7.14-fold lifetime risk of physical and sexual IPV (95%CI: 4.15-12.26). The odds of experiencing physical and sexual abuse by an intimate partner in the past year was 3.33-fold higher among women with a history of childhood physical and sexual abuse as compared to women who were not abused as children (95%CI 1.60-6.89). Childhood abuse was associated with higher odds of self-reported poor health status during early pregnancy (aOR = 1.32, 95%CI: 1.04-1.68) and with symptoms of antepartum depression (aOR = 2.07, 95%CI: 1.58-2.71). Conclusion: These data indicate that childhood sexual and physical abuse is associated with IPV, poor general health and depressive symptoms in early pregnancy. The high prevalence of childhood trauma and its enduring effects of on women's health warrant concerted global health efforts in preventing violence.

AB - Objective: We examined associations of childhood physical and sexual abuse with risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). We also evaluated the extent to which childhood abuse was associated with self-reported general health status and symptoms of antepartum depression in a cohort of pregnant Peruvian women. Methods: In-person interviews were conducted to collect information regarding history of childhood abuse and IPV from 1,521 women during early pregnancy. Antepartum depressive symptomatology was evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Multivariable logistic regression procedures were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Results: Any childhood abuse was associated with 2.2-fold increased odds of lifetime IPV (95%CI: 1.72-2.83). Compared with women who reported no childhood abuse, those who reported both, childhood physical and sexual abuse had a 7.14-fold lifetime risk of physical and sexual IPV (95%CI: 4.15-12.26). The odds of experiencing physical and sexual abuse by an intimate partner in the past year was 3.33-fold higher among women with a history of childhood physical and sexual abuse as compared to women who were not abused as children (95%CI 1.60-6.89). Childhood abuse was associated with higher odds of self-reported poor health status during early pregnancy (aOR = 1.32, 95%CI: 1.04-1.68) and with symptoms of antepartum depression (aOR = 2.07, 95%CI: 1.58-2.71). Conclusion: These data indicate that childhood sexual and physical abuse is associated with IPV, poor general health and depressive symptoms in early pregnancy. The high prevalence of childhood trauma and its enduring effects of on women's health warrant concerted global health efforts in preventing violence.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84930271598&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84930271598&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0116609

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0116609

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 1

M1 - e0116609

ER -