Association Between Mild Cognitive Impairment and Seasonal Rest-Activity Patterns of Older Adults

Christina Reynolds, Nora Mattek, Miranda M. Lim, Zachary Beattie, Hiroko H. Dodge, Jeffrey Kaye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Seasonal variation in rest-activity patterns has been observed in healthy adult populations. This study examined seasonal variation in total time spent overnight in the bedroom by cognitively intact older adults and older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). We hypothesize that seasonal variation in rest-activity patterns is observed in the cognitively intact group and that this variation is disturbed in those with MCI. Study participants were 128 older adults; mean age 85.2 years. Ninety-eight were cognitively intact, and 30 had been diagnosed with MCI. All were enrolled in an ongoing longitudinal study using in-home passive monitoring technology. Infrared presence sensors were placed throughout each participant's home to monitor movement and presence in each room of the home. Activity data was collected from the sensors over a period of up to 527 days. Overnight time in bedroom was found to vary seasonally for the cognitively intact group, with longer times spent overnight in the bedroom during the winter months. This seasonal variation was not observed for those with non-amnestic MCI. MCI is associated with an attenuation of seasonal variation in total time spent in the bedroom at night. Detection of changes in infradian sleep patterns may be an early marker of cognitive decline. Which key determinants are driving these disturbed rhythms, such as features intrinsic to changes in the brain or to environmental factors or external cues, remains an important question for ongoing and future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number809370
JournalFrontiers in Digital Health
StatePublished - Feb 23 2022


  • aging
  • circadian rhythms
  • in-home monitoring
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


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