Assessment of the Mechanism of the Leukocyte Adherence Inhibition Test

Alex W. Tong, Arthur A. Vandenbark, Denis R. Burger, Patricia Finke, Carolyn Barney, R. Mark Vetto

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Abstract

This study was designed to elucidate the mechanism of the leukocyte adherence inhibition (LAI) test in man. To identify the reactive cell types, enriched leukocyte populations (dextran-separated leukocytes and Hypaque-Ficoll isolated mononuclear cells and neutrophils, as well as rosette-isolated B and T-lymphocytes) were tested for Ieukocyte adherence in the absence of serum to tumor-specific antigens. LAI reactivity was not restricted to any of the enriched populations, suggesting the involvement of multiple cell types. Attempts to demonstrate soluble lymphocyte factors in the LAI mechanism have been uniformly negative. In contrast, factors in serum of immune donors were able to arm naive cells to be specifically responsive. This suggests a role for serum factors in the mechanism of LAI reactivity and partially explains the participation of multiple cell types in the responses observed. In additional studies, we could not document a correlation between the magnitude of the dermal test (delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity) and the magnitude of the LAI response in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. In 34 of 54 of these patients, there was agreement between the two tests (both positive, 27 of 54; both negative, 7 of 54). In the remaining 20 patients, the dermal test was <5 mm while the LAI test was negative (>30% inhibition).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)597-603
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Research
Volume39
StatePublished - Feb 1 1979

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Tong, A. W., Vandenbark, A. A., Burger, D. R., Finke, P., Barney, C., & Vetto, R. M. (1979). Assessment of the Mechanism of the Leukocyte Adherence Inhibition Test. Cancer Research, 39, 597-603.