Study objective: To describe changes in cardiac function throughout the course of resuscitation of patients with suspected septic shock. Methods: Prospective observational cohort study of Point-of-Care Transthoracic Echocardiograms (TTE) obtained in Emergency Department (ED) patients with a presumed infectious cause of hypotension within one hour of initiating IV fluid resuscitation. Findings of this pre-resuscitation TTE were compared to mid-resuscitation TTE (obtained upon disposition from the ED), and post-resuscitation TTE (obtained after admission to hospital). Results: 22 enrolled patients had a second TTE available for comparison to the initial, pre-resuscitation TTE. 12 patients had a mid-resuscitation TTE and 16 patients had a post-resuscitation TTE. We observed a high incidence of changes on TTE during the clinical course of resuscitation (14/22 [64%]). Patients who developed LV or RV dysfunction during resuscitation were more likely to require vasopressor infusion and ICU admission (Spearman's coefficients [95% CI] of 0.68 [0.36–0.86] and 0.47 [0.04;0.75] respectively). Development of RV dysfunction alone was associated with increased use of positive pressure ventilation and vasopressor infusion (Spearman's coefficients [95% CI] of 0.43 [0;0.72] and 0.47 [0.05,0.75] respectively). Conclusions: Cardiac function changes assessed by TTE are common during the resuscitation of patients with septic shock. These changes likely reflect the underlying physiology of patients with septic shock and correlate with need for interventions and higher level of care. Further work is required to characterize these changes and to elucidate how to use these physiologic data to guide management.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine