Assessment of condyle position, fossa morphology, and disk displacement in symptomatic patients

Katharina Alves Rabelo, Saulo Sousa Melo, Marianna Guanaes Gomes Torres, Larissa Rangel Peixoto, Paulo Sérgio Flores Campos, Iêda Margarida Crusoé Rocha Rebello, Daniela Pita de Melo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The aim of the study was to determine whether there are any associations between the morphology of the glenoid fossa, articular spaces, and disk displacement by evaluating the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of symptomatic patients. Gender and age were also evaluated for any effect on the parameters. Study Design MRI scans of 199 temporomandibular joints were assessed for the morphology of the glenoid fossa and articular spaces in both sagittal and coronal views. The presence of disk displacement and its type in closed-mouth and open-mouth positions were also assessed. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey, and Student t tests or Mann-Whitney rank sum tests were used to investigate the associations among these variables. Results A total of 113 joints (56.8%) were presented with disk displacement. The articular spaces observed in sagittal and coronal views were, overall, significantly larger in males than in females in 3 of the 6 spaces (superior, posterior, and central spaces). Larger superior and medial articular spaces were associated with angled glenoid fossae. Higher mean values of the articular space sizes were associated with normal disk position (P <.001), except for the anterior articular space. When displacement was identified, higher values of the articular space sizes were also associated with disk reduction in the open-mouth position (P <.05). Conclusions Condyles in the central position in the coronal view and slightly anteriorly positioned in the sagittal view are less likely to present disk displacement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-207
Number of pages9
JournalOral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology
Volume124
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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