Assessing the efficacy of the fundamentals of research and career development course overseas

Evan P. Nadler, Sanjay Krishnaswami, Susan I. Brundage, Lawrence T. Kim, T. Peter Kingham, Oluyinka O. Olutoye, Fiemu Nwariaku, Benedict C. Nwomeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: As the Fundamentals of Research and Career Development Course (FRCDC) is conducted internationally, questions have arisen regarding the cultural appropriateness of the United States (US) course. We therefore assessed the US-based teaching methodology during the FRCDC in Abuja, Nigeria. We hypothesized that the US-based instructional methods would be effective. Methods: Twenty questions were distributed to attendees of the FRCDC prior to commencement. The same 20 questions were administered at the conclusion of the course after random reordering. Differences between the pre- and post-test results were assessed for normalcy and compared using the paired t-test Results: There were 89 attendees, of whom 60 completed the pre-test and 77 completed the post-test. The pre-test group answered 12.3 ± 2.6 questions correctly, which improved to 15.0 ± 2.6 in the post-test group (P <0.001). On the pre-test, the least common correct answers were for questions regarding type 1 and 2 error (16.7% correct), the definition of health services and outcomes research (26.7%), and how to best address missing data (26.7%). On the post-test, the questions with the least common correct answers were regarding the definition of health services and outcomes research (35%), and the components of an NIH grant (37.7%). Conclusions: Our results suggest that the FRCDC in Nigeria as given by US faculty has short-term efficacy. Attendees were able to improve their scores despite the cultural differences between them and the lecturers. Our next goal will be to demonstrate long-term efficacy at future courses in the region using similar questionnaire strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-200
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume163
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Fingerprint

Health Services Research
Nigeria
Research
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Organized Financing
Teaching
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • education
  • Fundamentals of Research and Career Development Course
  • Nigeria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Nadler, E. P., Krishnaswami, S., Brundage, S. I., Kim, L. T., Kingham, T. P., Olutoye, O. O., ... Nwomeh, B. C. (2010). Assessing the efficacy of the fundamentals of research and career development course overseas. Journal of Surgical Research, 163(2), 197-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2010.03.069

Assessing the efficacy of the fundamentals of research and career development course overseas. / Nadler, Evan P.; Krishnaswami, Sanjay; Brundage, Susan I.; Kim, Lawrence T.; Kingham, T. Peter; Olutoye, Oluyinka O.; Nwariaku, Fiemu; Nwomeh, Benedict C.

In: Journal of Surgical Research, Vol. 163, No. 2, 10.2010, p. 197-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nadler, EP, Krishnaswami, S, Brundage, SI, Kim, LT, Kingham, TP, Olutoye, OO, Nwariaku, F & Nwomeh, BC 2010, 'Assessing the efficacy of the fundamentals of research and career development course overseas', Journal of Surgical Research, vol. 163, no. 2, pp. 197-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2010.03.069
Nadler, Evan P. ; Krishnaswami, Sanjay ; Brundage, Susan I. ; Kim, Lawrence T. ; Kingham, T. Peter ; Olutoye, Oluyinka O. ; Nwariaku, Fiemu ; Nwomeh, Benedict C. / Assessing the efficacy of the fundamentals of research and career development course overseas. In: Journal of Surgical Research. 2010 ; Vol. 163, No. 2. pp. 197-200.
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abstract = "Background: As the Fundamentals of Research and Career Development Course (FRCDC) is conducted internationally, questions have arisen regarding the cultural appropriateness of the United States (US) course. We therefore assessed the US-based teaching methodology during the FRCDC in Abuja, Nigeria. We hypothesized that the US-based instructional methods would be effective. Methods: Twenty questions were distributed to attendees of the FRCDC prior to commencement. The same 20 questions were administered at the conclusion of the course after random reordering. Differences between the pre- and post-test results were assessed for normalcy and compared using the paired t-test Results: There were 89 attendees, of whom 60 completed the pre-test and 77 completed the post-test. The pre-test group answered 12.3 ± 2.6 questions correctly, which improved to 15.0 ± 2.6 in the post-test group (P <0.001). On the pre-test, the least common correct answers were for questions regarding type 1 and 2 error (16.7{\%} correct), the definition of health services and outcomes research (26.7{\%}), and how to best address missing data (26.7{\%}). On the post-test, the questions with the least common correct answers were regarding the definition of health services and outcomes research (35{\%}), and the components of an NIH grant (37.7{\%}). Conclusions: Our results suggest that the FRCDC in Nigeria as given by US faculty has short-term efficacy. Attendees were able to improve their scores despite the cultural differences between them and the lecturers. Our next goal will be to demonstrate long-term efficacy at future courses in the region using similar questionnaire strategies.",
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