ASPIRE in-home: Rationale, design, and methods of a study to evaluate the safety and eficacy of automatic insulin suspension for nocturnal hypoglycemia

David C. Klonoff, Richard M. Bergenstal, Satish K. Garg, Bruce W. Bode, Melissa Meredith, Robert H. Slover, Andrew Ahmann, John B. Welsh, Scott W. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nocturnal hypoglycemia is a barrier to therapy intensification eforts in diabetes. The Paradigm® Veo™ system may mitigate nocturnal hypoglycemia by automatically suspending insulin when a prespecified sensor glucose threshold is reached. ASPIRE (Automation to Simulate Pancreatic Insulin REsponse) In-Home (NCT01497938) was a multicenter, randomized, parallel, adaptive study of subjects with type 1 diabetes. The control arm used sensor-augmented pump therapy. The treatment arm used sensor-augmented pump therapy with threshold suspend, which automatically suspends the insulin pump in response to a sensor glucose value at or below a prespecified threshold. To be randomized, subjects had to have demonstrated ≥2 episodes of nocturnal hypoglycemia, defined as >20 consecutive minutes of sensor glucose values ≤65 mg/dl starting between 10:00 PM and 8:00 AM in the 2-week run-in phase. The 3-month study phase evaluated safety by comparing changes in glycated hemoglobin (A1C) values and evaluated eficacy by comparing the mean area under the glucose concentration time curves for nocturnal hypoglycemia events in the two groups. Other outcomes included the rate of nocturnal hypoglycemia events and the distribution of sensor glucose values. Data from the ASPIRE In-Home study should provide evidence on the safety of the threshold suspend feature with respect to A1C and its eficacy with respect to severity and duration of nocturnal hypoglycemia when used at home over a 3-month period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1010
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • ASPIRE
  • Insulin pump suspension
  • Low glucose suspend
  • Nocturnal hypoglycemia
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Threshold suspend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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