Arthritis-Dermatitis Syndrome: a Case of Disseminated Gonococcal Infection with Petechial Skin Rash

Jessica A. Blank, Namisha Thapa, André M. Mansoor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A previously healthy 36-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital with vaginal discharge, bilateral ankle pain, and a lower extremity skin rash, all of which developed after unprotected vaginal intercourse with a new male partner. On examination, there was a petechial and purpuric rash involving the lower extremities and bilateral tenosynovitis of the ankle dorsiflexor tendons. Urine NAAT was positive for Neisseria gonorrhea, confirming disseminated gonococcal infection (DGI). The patient was initially treated with oral azithromycin and intravenous ceftriaxone, but as a result of psychosocial circumstances, she was prematurely discharged on an oral cephalosporin agent. She represented with treatment-failure DGI and was treated with a 7-day course of intramuscular ceftriaxone. Repeat urine NAAT was negative for gonorrhea and the patient remained asymptomatic. This case features an atypical cutaneous manifestation of DGI, characterized by a painless petechial and purpuric skin rash rather than the tender papulo-pustular lesions that are typically seen. Additionally, it highlights the importance of DGI treatment with a 7-day parenteral cephalosporin therapy when antibiotic susceptibility is not available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2836-2838
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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