Are language production problems apparent in adults who no longer meet diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder?

Paul E. Engelhardt, Sean N. Veld, Joel T. Nigg, Fernanda Ferreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, we examined sentence production in a sample of adults (N = 21) who had had attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as children, but as adults no longer met DSM-IV diagnostic criteria (APA, 2000). This "remitted" group was assessed on a sentence production task. On each trial, participants saw two objects and a verb. Their task was to construct a sentence using the objects as arguments of the verb. Results showed more ungrammatical and disfluent utterances with one particular type of verb (i.e., participle). In a second set of analyses, we compared the remitted group to both control participants and a "persistent" group, who had ADHD as children and as adults. Results showed that remitters were more likely to produce ungrammatical utterances and to make repair disfluencies compared to controls, and they patterned more similarly to ADHD participants. Conclusions focus on language output in remitted ADHD, and the role of executive functions in language production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-299
Number of pages25
JournalCognitive Neuropsychology
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • Adhd
  • Conceptual accessibility
  • Grammatical encoding
  • Language production
  • Partial remission
  • Response inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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