Are Changes in Self-Rated Health Associated With Memory Decline in Older Adults?

Rebecca Bendayan, Andrea M. Piccinin, Scott M. Hofer, Graciela Muniz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The association between patterns of change in self-rated health (SRH) and memory trajectories in older adults was examined using a systematic approach. Method: Data from the Health and Retirement Study (n = 6,016) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (n = 734) were analyzed. Individuals were grouped into five categories according to their pattern of change in SRH over 8 years: stable excellent/very good/good, stable fair/poor, improvement, decline, and fluctuating pattern without a trend. Memory was measured using immediate and delayed recall tests. Kruskal–Wallis, chi-squares tests, and linear mixed models were used to examine the association. Results: Different rates of decline in memory can be identified in the different patterns of change in SRH. Those who had a stable excellent/very good/good pattern had the slowest rate of decline. Discussion: Our findings suggest that SRH status and patterns of change could be used as a marker of cognitive decline in prevention screening programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1410-1423
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • cognitive decline
  • memory
  • older adults
  • self-rated health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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