Applications of artificial intelligence to electronic health record data in ophthalmology

Wei Chun Lin, Jimmy S. Chen, Michael F. Chiang, Michelle R. Hribar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Widespread adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) has resulted in the collection of massive amounts of clinical data. In ophthalmology in particular, the volume range of data captured in EHR systems has been growing rapidly. Yet making effective secondary use of this EHR data for improving patient care and facilitating clinical decision-making has remained challenging due to the complexity and heterogeneity of these data. Artificial intelligence (AI) techniques present a promising way to analyze these multimodal data sets. While AI techniques have been extensively applied to imaging data, there are a limited number of studies employing AI techniques with clinical data from the EHR. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of different AI methods applied to EHR data in the field of ophthalmology. This literature review highlights that the secondary use of EHR data has focused on glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, and cataracts with the use of AI techniques. These techniques have been used to improve ocular disease diagnosis, risk assessment, and progression prediction. Techniques such as supervised machine learning, deep learning, and natural language processing were most commonly used in the articles reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number13
JournalTranslational Vision Science and Technology
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Electronic health record
  • Machine learning
  • Ophthalmology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Ophthalmology

Cite this