Application of Corneal Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography for Assessment of Vessel Depth in Corneal Neovascularization

Afshan Nanji, Travis Redd, Winston Chamberlain, Julie M. Schallhorn, Siyu Chen, Stefan Ploner, Andreas Maier, James G. Fujimoto, Yali Jia, David Huang, Yan Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose:To map and measure the depths of corneal neovascularization (NV) using 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) at 2 different wavelengths.Methods:Corneal NV of varying severity, distribution, and underlying etiology was examined. Average NV depth and vessel density were measured using 840-nm spectral-domain OCTA and 1050-nm swept-source OCTA. The OCTA results were compared with clinical slit-lamp estimation of NV depth.Results:Twelve eyes with corneal NV from 12 patients were imaged with OCTA. Clinically "superficial," "midstromal," and "deep" cases had an average vessel depth of 23%, 39%, and 66% on 1050-nm OCTA, respectively. Average vessel depth on OCTA followed a statistically significant ordinal trend according to the clinical classification of vessel depth (Jonckheere-Terpstra test, P < 0.001). In 8 cases where both 840-nm OCTA and 1050-nm OCTA were acquired, there was excellent agreement in the mean vessel depth between the 2 systems (concordance correlation coefficient = 0.94, P < 0.001). The average vessel density measured by 840-nm OCTA was higher (average 1.6-fold) than that measured by 1050-nm OCTA.Conclusions:Corneal OCTA was able to map corneal NV in 3 dimensions and measure vessel depth and density. The depth of corneal NV varied between different pathologies in a manner consistent with previous pathologic studies. The measured vessel density appeared to be affected by the interscan time, which affects blood flow velocity sensitivity, and the wavelength, which affects the ability to penetrate through opacity. These findings suggest possible clinical applications of OCTA for the diagnosis of corneal pathology and quantitative monitoring of therapeutic response in patients with corneal NV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)598-604
Number of pages7
JournalCornea
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • corneal neovascularization
  • optical coherence tomography angiography
  • vessel density
  • vessel depth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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