Application of 3D TMJ Imaging to TMJDs, TMJ Functional Analyses, and Orthodontic Treatment Outcomes

Anna Kari Hajati, Lucia H.S. Cevidanes, Laura Iwasaki, Jeffrey C. Nickel, Sunil D. Kapila

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a structure of substantial importance in clinical orthodontics. This chapter provides an in-depth background on the applications of three-dimensional (3D) imaging to temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJD) diagnostics and therapeutics, and highlights clinical and biological data that are essential to attain comprehensive insights on the causes and pathogenesis of these disorders. A discussion on the known changes within the TMJ in response to growth modification orthodontic therapies also is included. Finally, since the applications of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the clinical assessment of the TMJs are still under study and development, the chapter also incorporates an overview of recent advances in methodologies and technologies that eventually will help in moving the diagnostic uses of 3D imaging into the clinical arena.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCone Beam Computed Tomography in Orthodontics
Subtitle of host publicationIndications, Insights, and Innovations
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9781118674888
ISBN (Print)9781118448489
StatePublished - Dec 31 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Clinical assessment
  • Orthodontic therapies
  • Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJD)
  • Three-dimensional (3D) imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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