Antiviral therapy completion and response rates among hepatitis c patients with and without schizophrenia

Marilyn Huckans, Alex Mitchell, Samantha Ruimy, Jennifer Loftis, Peter Hauser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Despite disproportionately high rates of hepatitis C (HCV) among patients with severe mental illness, to date, there is scant empirical data available regarding antiviral therapy outcomes within this population. Objective: To compare antiviral therapy completion and response rates between HCV patients with vs those without schizophrenia (SCHZ). Methods: A regional Veterans Healthcare Administration database was used to identify veterans meeting criteria for this retrospective chart review. All patients confirmed to have SCHZ and to have received antiviral therapy between 1998 and 2006 (n = 30) were compared with a control group of demographically matched (HCV genotype, age, race, gender) patients with no history of SCHZ (n = 30). Results: For HCV patients with genotype 1, antiviral completion, end of treatment response (ETR), and sustained viral response (SVR) rates did not significantly differ between groups. For those with genotypes 2 and 3 combined, antiviral therapy completion rates did not significantly differ between groups; however, the SCHZ group was significantly (P < 0.050) more likely to achieve an ETR and an SVR. For all genotypes combined, the SCHZ patients were no more likely than controls to discontinue therapy early for psychiatric symptoms, medical complications, or other adverse events, and groups did not significantly differ in terms of hospitalization rates during antiviral therapy. Conclusion: Our retrospective chart review suggests that patients with SCHZ complete and respond to antiviral therapy for HCV at rates comparable with those without SCHZ. Based on these data, SCHZ should not be considered a contraindication to antiviral therapy for HCV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-172
Number of pages8
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • Adverse effects
  • Interferon
  • Mental disorders
  • Psychotic disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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