Antitrichomonas IgG, IgM, IgA, and IgG subclass responses in human intravaginal trichomoniasis

Simernjeet Kaur, Sumeeta Khurana, Rashmi Bagga, Ajay Wanchu, Nancy Malla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Trichomoniasis, caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis, is a major nonviral sexually transmitted disease. Clinical spectrum varies from an asymptomatic state to mild, moderate, or severe symptoms. However, the exact factors leading to the variations in symptoms have not been well elucidated. Host's immune response to the parasite may be playing a role in varied symptomatology. The present study reports antitrichomonas IgM, IgA, IgG and its subclasses in doubling dilutions of serum and diluted vaginal washes of six T. vaginalis-infected symptomatic and four T. vaginalis-infected asymptomatic women and uninfected controls by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). No significant difference was observed in serum IgG ELISA absorbance values from symptomatic compared to asymptomatic subjects (p>0.05) while a significant difference (p<0.05) was noted in serum IgM in all the tested dilutions and IgA up to a dilution of 400. This is the first report of the detection of specific IgG subclass response in T. vaginalis-infected female patients, and quantitative analysis of the antibody responses indicated that the production of local IgG particularly IgG1 in vaginal secretions may be playing a significant role in establishing symptomatic infection. The interesting observation of the present study is that the specific IgM was detected in 2 (33.3%) symptomatic and T. vaginalis-infected patients in ≥800 dilutions and in 1 (16.6%) up to 200 dilutions in serum, while it was not detectable in the vaginal secretions of symptomatic patients or in the serum and vaginal secretions of asymptomatic T. vaginalis-infected patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-312
Number of pages8
JournalParasitology Research
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

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