Antimicrobial susceptibility of oral isolates of Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella pneumoniae from a southern Chinese population

Christine Sedgley, L. P. Samaranayake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The antibiotic susceptibilities of 59 Enterobacter cloacae and 39 Klebsiella pneumoniae human oral isolates collected from a southern Chinese population in Hong Kong were investigated for their susceptibility to eight antibiotics: ampicillin, cephalothin, cefuroxime, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, tetracycline and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole using the E-Test method for direct quantification of minimum inhibitory concentrations. Most strains were sensitive to all antibiotics except ampicillin and cephalothin. Ampicillin resistance was exhibited by 82% of K. pneumoniae and 69% of E. cloacae isolates. Eighty-eight percent of E. cloacae isolates were resistant to cephalothin. Several strains fell within the intermediate category of sensitivity for ampicillin (E. cloacae and K. pneumoniae), cefuroxime (E. cloacae) and tetracycline (K. pneumoniae). Comparison with other Hong Kong data suggests that resistance rates to cefuroxime, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, tetracycline and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole exhibited by the oral isolates are generally lower than in enterobacters and Klebsiella spp. isolated from urine, skin and soft tissues in Hong Kong populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-321
Number of pages7
JournalOral Microbiology and Immunology
Volume13
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Enterobacter cloacae
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Cephalothin
Cefuroxime
Hong Kong
Ampicillin
Tetracycline
Ceftazidime
Population
Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination Trimethoprim
Ciprofloxacin
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Gentamicins
Ampicillin Resistance
Klebsiella
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Urine
Skin

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial susceptibility
  • Chinese
  • Enterobacter cloacae
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • Oral

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Antimicrobial susceptibility of oral isolates of Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella pneumoniae from a southern Chinese population",
abstract = "The antibiotic susceptibilities of 59 Enterobacter cloacae and 39 Klebsiella pneumoniae human oral isolates collected from a southern Chinese population in Hong Kong were investigated for their susceptibility to eight antibiotics: ampicillin, cephalothin, cefuroxime, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, tetracycline and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole using the E-Test method for direct quantification of minimum inhibitory concentrations. Most strains were sensitive to all antibiotics except ampicillin and cephalothin. Ampicillin resistance was exhibited by 82{\%} of K. pneumoniae and 69{\%} of E. cloacae isolates. Eighty-eight percent of E. cloacae isolates were resistant to cephalothin. Several strains fell within the intermediate category of sensitivity for ampicillin (E. cloacae and K. pneumoniae), cefuroxime (E. cloacae) and tetracycline (K. pneumoniae). Comparison with other Hong Kong data suggests that resistance rates to cefuroxime, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, tetracycline and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole exhibited by the oral isolates are generally lower than in enterobacters and Klebsiella spp. isolated from urine, skin and soft tissues in Hong Kong populations.",
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AB - The antibiotic susceptibilities of 59 Enterobacter cloacae and 39 Klebsiella pneumoniae human oral isolates collected from a southern Chinese population in Hong Kong were investigated for their susceptibility to eight antibiotics: ampicillin, cephalothin, cefuroxime, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, tetracycline and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole using the E-Test method for direct quantification of minimum inhibitory concentrations. Most strains were sensitive to all antibiotics except ampicillin and cephalothin. Ampicillin resistance was exhibited by 82% of K. pneumoniae and 69% of E. cloacae isolates. Eighty-eight percent of E. cloacae isolates were resistant to cephalothin. Several strains fell within the intermediate category of sensitivity for ampicillin (E. cloacae and K. pneumoniae), cefuroxime (E. cloacae) and tetracycline (K. pneumoniae). Comparison with other Hong Kong data suggests that resistance rates to cefuroxime, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, tetracycline and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole exhibited by the oral isolates are generally lower than in enterobacters and Klebsiella spp. isolated from urine, skin and soft tissues in Hong Kong populations.

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