Antimicrobial effects of tea-tree oil and its major components on Staphylococcus aureus, Staph. Epidermidis and Propionibacterium acnes

Amala Soumyanath, U. Weir, S. F. Bloomfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

155 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Major components of two tea-tree oil samples were identified using thin layer and gas-liquid chromatography (TLC and GLC). Using a TLC-bioautographic technique, the tea-tree oils, terpinen-4-ol, α-terpineol and α-pinene were found to be active against Staphylococcus aureus, Staph. epidermidis and Propionibacterium acnes whereas cineole was inactive against these organisms. The MIC values of the three active compounds increased in the order α-terpineol <terpinen-4-ol <α-pinene for all three micro-organisms. MIC values of the tea-tree oils and terpinen-4-ol were lower for P. acnes than for the two staphylococci. This study supports the use of tea-tree oil in the treatment of acne, and demonstrates that terpinen-4-ol is not the sole active constituent of the oil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)242-245
Number of pages4
JournalLetters in Applied Microbiology
Volume21
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tea Tree Oil
Propionibacterium acnes
tea
Staphylococcus aureus
oil
Liquid chromatography
Acne Vulgaris
Staphylococcus
Gas chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Oils
liquid chromatography
gas chromatography
terpinenol-4
effect
Tea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Microbiology
  • Ecology

Cite this

Antimicrobial effects of tea-tree oil and its major components on Staphylococcus aureus, Staph. Epidermidis and Propionibacterium acnes. / Soumyanath, Amala; Weir, U.; Bloomfield, S. F.

In: Letters in Applied Microbiology, Vol. 21, No. 4, 1995, p. 242-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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