The interaction of an Ag ligand with its B cell surface Ig (sIg) receptor can occur via an FcR-dependent or -independent pathway. We previously found that transfected TNP-specific B cells undergo both Ca2+ signaling and desensitization upon interaction with the thymus-dependent Ag TNP-OVA. Similarly, we showed that these B cells can also be desensitized by cross-linking sIg to the FcγR via the formation of an Ag-antibody bridge. Thus, Ag-specific B cells can be desensitized by two different Ag-dependent events, one mediated by Ag-sIg interaction and the other by sIg-FcγR cross-linking. Inasmuch as Ag-sIg and sIg-FcγR interactions lead to positive and negative signaling, it was of interest to determine whether B cell desensitization mediated by these interactions occurs by one of the well known signaling pathways in B cells. We found that Ag-induced changes in [Ca2+](i) could be readily dissociated from Ag-induced desensitization, indicating that a Ca2+-independent pathway is likely responsible for this pathway of desensitization. To determine if PKC plays a role in B cell desensitization mediated by either Ag or sIg-FcγR interaction, PKC was downregulated by long term exposure to 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate or inhibited by exposure of cells to staurosporine. The PKC down-regulated and inhibited cells underwent similar Ag- and FcγR-dependent desensitization compared to cells containing active PKC. Taken together, these data indicate that Ag-induced desensitization of B cell signaling likely involves an event(s) that occurs either upstream or independent of Ag-induced elevations in [Ca2+](i) and PKC activation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy