Antagonism of the ethanol-like discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol, pentobarbital, and midazolam in cynomolgus monkeys reveals involvement of specific GABAA receptor subtypes

Christa Helms, Laura S M Rogers, Kathleen (Kathy) Grant

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptors mediating the discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol were studied by comparing the potency of ethyl-8-azido-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4Himidazol( 1,5-a)benzodiazepine-3- carboxylate (Ro15-4513) and ethyl 8-fluoro-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4H- imidazol(1,5-a)-benzodiazepine-3-carboxylate (flumazenil, Ro15-1788) to antagonize ethanol, pentobarbital (PB), and midazolam substitution for ethanol. Ro15-4513 has high affinity for receptors containing α4/6 and α5 subunits and lower affinity for α1, α2, and α3 subunits. Flumazenil is nonselective for GABAA receptors containing α1, α2, α3, and α5 subunits and has low affinity for α4/6-containing receptors. Male (n = 9) and female (n = 8) cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) were trained to discriminate ethanol (1.0 or 2.0 g/kg i.g., 30-min pretreatment) from water. Ethanol, PB, and midazolam dose-dependently substituted for ethanol (80% ethanol-appropriate responding). Ro15-4513 (0.003-0.56 mg/kg i.m., 5-min pretreatment) shifted the ethanol, PB, and midazolam doseresponse functions rightward in a vast majority of monkeys tested (15/15, 16/17, and 11/12, respectively). In contrast, flumazenil (0.30-10.0 mg/kg i.m., 5-min pretreatment) shifted the ethanol, PB, and midazolam dose-response functions rightward in 9 of 16, 12 of 16, and 7 of 9 monkeys tested, respectively. In the monkeys showing antagonism with both Ro15-4513 and flumazenil, ethanol and PB substitution were antagonized more potently by Ro15-4513 than by flumazenil, whereas midazolam substitution was antagonized with similar potency. There were no sex or training dose differences, with the exception that flumazenil failed to antagonize ethanol substitution in males trained to discriminate 2.0 g/kg ethanol. GABAA receptors with high affinity for Ro15-4513 (i.e., containing α4/6 and α5 subunits) may be particularly important mediators of the multiple discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol through GABAA receptor systems.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)142-152
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
    Volume331
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 2009

    Fingerprint

    Macaca fascicularis
    Midazolam
    Pentobarbital
    GABA-A Receptors
    Ethanol
    Flumazenil
    Haplorhini
    Benzodiazepines
    Aminobutyrates
    Ro 15-4513

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pharmacology
    • Molecular Medicine

    Cite this

    @article{199c5ec8b4fb47a5ac9626c967283152,
    title = "Antagonism of the ethanol-like discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol, pentobarbital, and midazolam in cynomolgus monkeys reveals involvement of specific GABAA receptor subtypes",
    abstract = "The γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptors mediating the discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol were studied by comparing the potency of ethyl-8-azido-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4Himidazol( 1,5-a)benzodiazepine-3- carboxylate (Ro15-4513) and ethyl 8-fluoro-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4H- imidazol(1,5-a)-benzodiazepine-3-carboxylate (flumazenil, Ro15-1788) to antagonize ethanol, pentobarbital (PB), and midazolam substitution for ethanol. Ro15-4513 has high affinity for receptors containing α4/6 and α5 subunits and lower affinity for α1, α2, and α3 subunits. Flumazenil is nonselective for GABAA receptors containing α1, α2, α3, and α5 subunits and has low affinity for α4/6-containing receptors. Male (n = 9) and female (n = 8) cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) were trained to discriminate ethanol (1.0 or 2.0 g/kg i.g., 30-min pretreatment) from water. Ethanol, PB, and midazolam dose-dependently substituted for ethanol (80{\%} ethanol-appropriate responding). Ro15-4513 (0.003-0.56 mg/kg i.m., 5-min pretreatment) shifted the ethanol, PB, and midazolam doseresponse functions rightward in a vast majority of monkeys tested (15/15, 16/17, and 11/12, respectively). In contrast, flumazenil (0.30-10.0 mg/kg i.m., 5-min pretreatment) shifted the ethanol, PB, and midazolam dose-response functions rightward in 9 of 16, 12 of 16, and 7 of 9 monkeys tested, respectively. In the monkeys showing antagonism with both Ro15-4513 and flumazenil, ethanol and PB substitution were antagonized more potently by Ro15-4513 than by flumazenil, whereas midazolam substitution was antagonized with similar potency. There were no sex or training dose differences, with the exception that flumazenil failed to antagonize ethanol substitution in males trained to discriminate 2.0 g/kg ethanol. GABAA receptors with high affinity for Ro15-4513 (i.e., containing α4/6 and α5 subunits) may be particularly important mediators of the multiple discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol through GABAA receptor systems.",
    author = "Christa Helms and Rogers, {Laura S M} and Grant, {Kathleen (Kathy)}",
    year = "2009",
    month = "10",
    doi = "10.1124/jpet.109.156810",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "331",
    pages = "142--152",
    journal = "Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics",
    issn = "0022-3565",
    publisher = "American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Antagonism of the ethanol-like discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol, pentobarbital, and midazolam in cynomolgus monkeys reveals involvement of specific GABAA receptor subtypes

    AU - Helms, Christa

    AU - Rogers, Laura S M

    AU - Grant, Kathleen (Kathy)

    PY - 2009/10

    Y1 - 2009/10

    N2 - The γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptors mediating the discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol were studied by comparing the potency of ethyl-8-azido-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4Himidazol( 1,5-a)benzodiazepine-3- carboxylate (Ro15-4513) and ethyl 8-fluoro-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4H- imidazol(1,5-a)-benzodiazepine-3-carboxylate (flumazenil, Ro15-1788) to antagonize ethanol, pentobarbital (PB), and midazolam substitution for ethanol. Ro15-4513 has high affinity for receptors containing α4/6 and α5 subunits and lower affinity for α1, α2, and α3 subunits. Flumazenil is nonselective for GABAA receptors containing α1, α2, α3, and α5 subunits and has low affinity for α4/6-containing receptors. Male (n = 9) and female (n = 8) cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) were trained to discriminate ethanol (1.0 or 2.0 g/kg i.g., 30-min pretreatment) from water. Ethanol, PB, and midazolam dose-dependently substituted for ethanol (80% ethanol-appropriate responding). Ro15-4513 (0.003-0.56 mg/kg i.m., 5-min pretreatment) shifted the ethanol, PB, and midazolam doseresponse functions rightward in a vast majority of monkeys tested (15/15, 16/17, and 11/12, respectively). In contrast, flumazenil (0.30-10.0 mg/kg i.m., 5-min pretreatment) shifted the ethanol, PB, and midazolam dose-response functions rightward in 9 of 16, 12 of 16, and 7 of 9 monkeys tested, respectively. In the monkeys showing antagonism with both Ro15-4513 and flumazenil, ethanol and PB substitution were antagonized more potently by Ro15-4513 than by flumazenil, whereas midazolam substitution was antagonized with similar potency. There were no sex or training dose differences, with the exception that flumazenil failed to antagonize ethanol substitution in males trained to discriminate 2.0 g/kg ethanol. GABAA receptors with high affinity for Ro15-4513 (i.e., containing α4/6 and α5 subunits) may be particularly important mediators of the multiple discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol through GABAA receptor systems.

    AB - The γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptors mediating the discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol were studied by comparing the potency of ethyl-8-azido-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4Himidazol( 1,5-a)benzodiazepine-3- carboxylate (Ro15-4513) and ethyl 8-fluoro-5,6-dihydro-5-methyl-6-oxo-4H- imidazol(1,5-a)-benzodiazepine-3-carboxylate (flumazenil, Ro15-1788) to antagonize ethanol, pentobarbital (PB), and midazolam substitution for ethanol. Ro15-4513 has high affinity for receptors containing α4/6 and α5 subunits and lower affinity for α1, α2, and α3 subunits. Flumazenil is nonselective for GABAA receptors containing α1, α2, α3, and α5 subunits and has low affinity for α4/6-containing receptors. Male (n = 9) and female (n = 8) cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) were trained to discriminate ethanol (1.0 or 2.0 g/kg i.g., 30-min pretreatment) from water. Ethanol, PB, and midazolam dose-dependently substituted for ethanol (80% ethanol-appropriate responding). Ro15-4513 (0.003-0.56 mg/kg i.m., 5-min pretreatment) shifted the ethanol, PB, and midazolam doseresponse functions rightward in a vast majority of monkeys tested (15/15, 16/17, and 11/12, respectively). In contrast, flumazenil (0.30-10.0 mg/kg i.m., 5-min pretreatment) shifted the ethanol, PB, and midazolam dose-response functions rightward in 9 of 16, 12 of 16, and 7 of 9 monkeys tested, respectively. In the monkeys showing antagonism with both Ro15-4513 and flumazenil, ethanol and PB substitution were antagonized more potently by Ro15-4513 than by flumazenil, whereas midazolam substitution was antagonized with similar potency. There were no sex or training dose differences, with the exception that flumazenil failed to antagonize ethanol substitution in males trained to discriminate 2.0 g/kg ethanol. GABAA receptors with high affinity for Ro15-4513 (i.e., containing α4/6 and α5 subunits) may be particularly important mediators of the multiple discriminative stimulus effects of ethanol through GABAA receptor systems.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70349305296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70349305296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1124/jpet.109.156810

    DO - 10.1124/jpet.109.156810

    M3 - Article

    C2 - 19641166

    AN - SCOPUS:70349305296

    VL - 331

    SP - 142

    EP - 152

    JO - Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

    JF - Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

    SN - 0022-3565

    IS - 1

    ER -