Anophthalmia in the Focal Dermal Hypoplasia Syndrome

Dennis M. Marcus, John W. Shore, Daniel Albert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations


We examined an orbital exenteration specimen from an anophthalmic patient with focal dermal hypoplasia. Eyelid angiofibromas were evident and immunoperoxidase studies for human papilloma virus were negative. Orbital tissue contained a ductal cyst, chronic inflammation of the lacrimal duct and sac, rudimentary conjunctival fornices, lacrimal gland, striated muscle, and adipose tissue. Microscopic examination revealed a posteriorly located cystic structure with uveal and lens remnants. Neuroectodermal structures consistent with retina, optic nerve, or meninges were not observed, thus representing true anophthalmia. These findings remain as the only histopathologic description of ocular tissues in patients with focal dermal hypoplasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-100
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of ophthalmology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1990
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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