Angiotensin II: A reproductive hormone too?

R. C. Speth, D. L. Daubert, K. L. Grove

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

It has long been known that angiotensin II (Ang II) can affect reproductive tissues such as the uterus. However, the existence of a local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in female as well as male reproductive tissues is a relatively recent observation. Of great interest is the discovery that all components of the RAS are present in the ovary, that the ovary secretes components of the RAS into the bloodstream, and that the ovary itself is responsive to Ang II. Recent studies suggest that the primary role of Ang II in the ovary is to cause atresia in non-ovulatory follicles; however, there is also compelling data to suggest that Ang II facilitates ovulation. Male reproductive structures also contain all of the components of the RAS, gonadotropins regulate the activity of these components, and these tissues have Ang II receptors. Of great interest is the expression of testis-specific angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), which is located on germ cells. Recent studies using gene knock-out techniques indicate that testis ACE plays an important role in male fertility. However, the overall significance of the RAS for normal reproductive function remains questionable. There is now a body of evidence implicating the RAS in pathophysiologies associated with reproductive function, which gives rise to the possibility that drugs acting on the RAS might ameliorate some of these disorders. Considerable work remains to determine the role of Ang II in reproductive functions. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-40
Number of pages16
JournalRegulatory Peptides
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AT-1 angiotensin II receptor subtype (AT-1)
  • AT-2 angiotensin II receptor subtype (AT-2)
  • Angiotensin II (Ang II)
  • Angiotensin II receptors
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)
  • Angiotensinogen (AON)
  • Cervix
  • Epididymis
  • Fallopian tube
  • Ovary
  • Prorenin
  • Renin
  • Renin-angiotensin system (RAS)
  • Spermatozoa
  • Testis
  • Uterus
  • Vas deferens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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