ACE inhibitors are tolerated by azotemic patients, although transient reductions in renal function can occur. Patients with bilateral renal insufficiency or low cardiac output are at increased risk for developing reversible acute renal insufficiency. Hyperkalemia may occur, particularly in patients with diabetes or severe renal insufficiency. In many patients with renal disease, ACE inhibitors dramatically reduce proteinuria, but whether they also reduce the rate of progression of renal disease remains unproved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine