ANG II chronically supports renal and lumbar sympathetic activity in sodium-deprived, conscious rats

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Abstract

The hypothesis that chronic elevations in endogenous angiotensin II (ANG II) increase sympathetic outflow in conscious, normotensive rats was tested by determining if acute blockade of ANG II receptors with losartan (10 mg/kg iv) decreases renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), lumbar sympathetic nerve activity (LSNA), or heart rate (HR) more in rats with higher ANG II levels due to a low sodium (LS) diet compared with a control sodium (CS) or high sodium (HS) diet. In LS rats, losartan decreased (P <0.05) mean arterial pressure (MAP) in two phases: an immediate decrease of 23 ± 2 mmHg and a slower fall to 35 ± 4 mmHg below control 40 min postlosartan. Five minutes after losartan, RSNA (149 ± 13%), LSNA (143 ± 5%), and HR (109 ± 2%) were increased (P <0.05). Despite further falls in MAP, the elevation in RSNA and HR remained constant, and LSNA decreased toward control (119 ± 4%). After restoration of MAP to basal levels with methoxamine or phenylephrine infusion, RSNA (46 ± 8%), LSNA (49 ± 11%), and HR (76 ± 2%) were suppressed (P <0.05). In CS rats, losartan also initially decreased (P <0.05) MAP by 6 ± 2 mmHg and increased (P <0.05) RSNA to 129 ± 13%. When MAP was returned to control, RSNA was decreased (70 ± 8%; P <0.05) but less than in LS rats. In contrast, no changes in MAP, RSNA, LSNA, or HR were observed after losartan in HS rats. In conclusion, endogenous ANG II chronically supports RSNA, LSNA, and HR in conscious, normotensive low and normal sodium intake rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume271
Issue number6 40-6
StatePublished - 1996

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Angiotensin II
Sodium
Losartan
Kidney
Arterial Pressure
Heart Rate
Methoxamine
Sodium-Restricted Diet
Angiotensin Receptors
Phenylephrine
Diet

Keywords

  • blood pressure
  • heart rate
  • high sodium diet
  • losartan
  • low sodium diet
  • sympathetic nervous system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "ANG II chronically supports renal and lumbar sympathetic activity in sodium-deprived, conscious rats",
abstract = "The hypothesis that chronic elevations in endogenous angiotensin II (ANG II) increase sympathetic outflow in conscious, normotensive rats was tested by determining if acute blockade of ANG II receptors with losartan (10 mg/kg iv) decreases renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), lumbar sympathetic nerve activity (LSNA), or heart rate (HR) more in rats with higher ANG II levels due to a low sodium (LS) diet compared with a control sodium (CS) or high sodium (HS) diet. In LS rats, losartan decreased (P <0.05) mean arterial pressure (MAP) in two phases: an immediate decrease of 23 ± 2 mmHg and a slower fall to 35 ± 4 mmHg below control 40 min postlosartan. Five minutes after losartan, RSNA (149 ± 13{\%}), LSNA (143 ± 5{\%}), and HR (109 ± 2{\%}) were increased (P <0.05). Despite further falls in MAP, the elevation in RSNA and HR remained constant, and LSNA decreased toward control (119 ± 4{\%}). After restoration of MAP to basal levels with methoxamine or phenylephrine infusion, RSNA (46 ± 8{\%}), LSNA (49 ± 11{\%}), and HR (76 ± 2{\%}) were suppressed (P <0.05). In CS rats, losartan also initially decreased (P <0.05) MAP by 6 ± 2 mmHg and increased (P <0.05) RSNA to 129 ± 13{\%}. When MAP was returned to control, RSNA was decreased (70 ± 8{\%}; P <0.05) but less than in LS rats. In contrast, no changes in MAP, RSNA, LSNA, or HR were observed after losartan in HS rats. In conclusion, endogenous ANG II chronically supports RSNA, LSNA, and HR in conscious, normotensive low and normal sodium intake rats.",
keywords = "blood pressure, heart rate, high sodium diet, losartan, low sodium diet, sympathetic nervous system",
author = "Ling Xu and Virginia Brooks",
year = "1996",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "271",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - ANG II chronically supports renal and lumbar sympathetic activity in sodium-deprived, conscious rats

AU - Xu, Ling

AU - Brooks, Virginia

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - The hypothesis that chronic elevations in endogenous angiotensin II (ANG II) increase sympathetic outflow in conscious, normotensive rats was tested by determining if acute blockade of ANG II receptors with losartan (10 mg/kg iv) decreases renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), lumbar sympathetic nerve activity (LSNA), or heart rate (HR) more in rats with higher ANG II levels due to a low sodium (LS) diet compared with a control sodium (CS) or high sodium (HS) diet. In LS rats, losartan decreased (P <0.05) mean arterial pressure (MAP) in two phases: an immediate decrease of 23 ± 2 mmHg and a slower fall to 35 ± 4 mmHg below control 40 min postlosartan. Five minutes after losartan, RSNA (149 ± 13%), LSNA (143 ± 5%), and HR (109 ± 2%) were increased (P <0.05). Despite further falls in MAP, the elevation in RSNA and HR remained constant, and LSNA decreased toward control (119 ± 4%). After restoration of MAP to basal levels with methoxamine or phenylephrine infusion, RSNA (46 ± 8%), LSNA (49 ± 11%), and HR (76 ± 2%) were suppressed (P <0.05). In CS rats, losartan also initially decreased (P <0.05) MAP by 6 ± 2 mmHg and increased (P <0.05) RSNA to 129 ± 13%. When MAP was returned to control, RSNA was decreased (70 ± 8%; P <0.05) but less than in LS rats. In contrast, no changes in MAP, RSNA, LSNA, or HR were observed after losartan in HS rats. In conclusion, endogenous ANG II chronically supports RSNA, LSNA, and HR in conscious, normotensive low and normal sodium intake rats.

AB - The hypothesis that chronic elevations in endogenous angiotensin II (ANG II) increase sympathetic outflow in conscious, normotensive rats was tested by determining if acute blockade of ANG II receptors with losartan (10 mg/kg iv) decreases renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), lumbar sympathetic nerve activity (LSNA), or heart rate (HR) more in rats with higher ANG II levels due to a low sodium (LS) diet compared with a control sodium (CS) or high sodium (HS) diet. In LS rats, losartan decreased (P <0.05) mean arterial pressure (MAP) in two phases: an immediate decrease of 23 ± 2 mmHg and a slower fall to 35 ± 4 mmHg below control 40 min postlosartan. Five minutes after losartan, RSNA (149 ± 13%), LSNA (143 ± 5%), and HR (109 ± 2%) were increased (P <0.05). Despite further falls in MAP, the elevation in RSNA and HR remained constant, and LSNA decreased toward control (119 ± 4%). After restoration of MAP to basal levels with methoxamine or phenylephrine infusion, RSNA (46 ± 8%), LSNA (49 ± 11%), and HR (76 ± 2%) were suppressed (P <0.05). In CS rats, losartan also initially decreased (P <0.05) MAP by 6 ± 2 mmHg and increased (P <0.05) RSNA to 129 ± 13%. When MAP was returned to control, RSNA was decreased (70 ± 8%; P <0.05) but less than in LS rats. In contrast, no changes in MAP, RSNA, LSNA, or HR were observed after losartan in HS rats. In conclusion, endogenous ANG II chronically supports RSNA, LSNA, and HR in conscious, normotensive low and normal sodium intake rats.

KW - blood pressure

KW - heart rate

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KW - low sodium diet

KW - sympathetic nervous system

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VL - 271

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

SN - 1931-857X

IS - 6 40-6

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