Anesthetic modulation of cerebral hemodynamic and evoked responses to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in cats

Mark A. Helfaer, Jeffrey Kirsch, Richard J. Traystman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured cerebral blood flow and somatosensory evoked potentials during transient focal cerebral ischemia in cats to compare the effects of four commonly used anesthetic regimens: ketamine/fentanyl/N2O (fentanyl), pentobarbital, ketamine/α-chloralose (a-chloralose), and ketamine/halothane/N2O (halothane). Six cats in each group were subjected to 60 minutes of left middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by 120 minutes of reperfusion. Although the amplitude of the initial somatosensory evoked potential wave complex was highest in the tt-chloralose group (58.6±16.5 µV)and smallest in the halothane group (27.5±5.7 µV), amplitude fell by 75% in all groups upon occlusion. Baseline cerebral blood flow varied substantially between groups (e.g., in the right intersylvian gyrus: fentanyl, 96±12; pentobarbital, 30±5; α-chloralose, 24±3; and halothane, 76±11 ml/min/100 g). Occlusion decreased cerebral blood flow to subcortical (e.g., left caudate) structures in all groups (fentanyl, 29 ±11%; pentobabital, 45±12%; α-chloralose, 27±13%; and halothane, 18±5% of baseline). Postisch-emic hyperemia occurred in the cortical regions of cats anesthetized with pentobarbital or «-chloralose that had reduced cerebral blood flows during occlusion but not in cats anesthetized with fentanyl (cerebral blood flow during occlusion not different from that of cats anesthetized with pentobarbital or

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)795-800
Number of pages6
JournalStroke
Volume21
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cerebrovascular Circulation
Chloralose
Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction
Fentanyl
Halothane
Anesthetics
Cats
Hemodynamics
Pentobarbital
Ketamine
Somatosensory Evoked Potentials
Transient Ischemic Attack
Hyperemia
Reperfusion

Keywords

  • Anesthesia
  • Cats
  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Evoked potentials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Anesthetic modulation of cerebral hemodynamic and evoked responses to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in cats. / Helfaer, Mark A.; Kirsch, Jeffrey; Traystman, Richard J.

In: Stroke, Vol. 21, No. 5, 1990, p. 795-800.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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