Anemia: Evaluation and Diagnostic Tests

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  • 2 Citations

Abstract

Anemia is among the most common medical problems and clinical and laboratory evaluation need to be approached logically. The complete blood count with red cell indices offers clues to diagnosis. Many anemias have characteristic red cell morphology. The reticulocyte count serves as a useful screen for hemolysis or blood loss. Testing for specific causes of the anemia is performed. Occasionally, examination of the bone marrow is required for diagnosis. Molecular testing is increasingly being use to aid the diagnostic process. This article reviews diagnostic tests for anemia and suggests a rational approach to determining the etiology of a patient's anemia.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages263-284
Number of pages22
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Volume101
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

Routine Diagnostic Tests
Anemia
Bone Marrow Examination
Reticulocyte Count
Erythrocyte Indices
Blood Cell Count
Hemolysis

Keywords

  • Anemia
  • Cytogenetics
  • Diagnostic testing
  • Macrocytic
  • Microcytic
  • Red cell indices
  • Schistocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Anemia : Evaluation and Diagnostic Tests. / Cascio, Michael J.; DeLoughery, Thomas G.

In: Medical Clinics of North America, Vol. 101, No. 2, 01.03.2017, p. 263-284.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{2219481ae0304f6e8df6b1d01ba0704e,
title = "Anemia: Evaluation and Diagnostic Tests",
abstract = "Anemia is among the most common medical problems and clinical and laboratory evaluation need to be approached logically. The complete blood count with red cell indices offers clues to diagnosis. Many anemias have characteristic red cell morphology. The reticulocyte count serves as a useful screen for hemolysis or blood loss. Testing for specific causes of the anemia is performed. Occasionally, examination of the bone marrow is required for diagnosis. Molecular testing is increasingly being use to aid the diagnostic process. This article reviews diagnostic tests for anemia and suggests a rational approach to determining the etiology of a patient's anemia.",
keywords = "Anemia, Cytogenetics, Diagnostic testing, Macrocytic, Microcytic, Red cell indices, Schistocytes",
author = "Cascio, {Michael J.} and DeLoughery, {Thomas G.}",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.mcna.2016.09.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "101",
pages = "263--284",
journal = "Medical Clinics of North America",
issn = "0025-7125",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anemia

T2 - Medical Clinics of North America

AU - Cascio,Michael J.

AU - DeLoughery,Thomas G.

PY - 2017/3/1

Y1 - 2017/3/1

N2 - Anemia is among the most common medical problems and clinical and laboratory evaluation need to be approached logically. The complete blood count with red cell indices offers clues to diagnosis. Many anemias have characteristic red cell morphology. The reticulocyte count serves as a useful screen for hemolysis or blood loss. Testing for specific causes of the anemia is performed. Occasionally, examination of the bone marrow is required for diagnosis. Molecular testing is increasingly being use to aid the diagnostic process. This article reviews diagnostic tests for anemia and suggests a rational approach to determining the etiology of a patient's anemia.

AB - Anemia is among the most common medical problems and clinical and laboratory evaluation need to be approached logically. The complete blood count with red cell indices offers clues to diagnosis. Many anemias have characteristic red cell morphology. The reticulocyte count serves as a useful screen for hemolysis or blood loss. Testing for specific causes of the anemia is performed. Occasionally, examination of the bone marrow is required for diagnosis. Molecular testing is increasingly being use to aid the diagnostic process. This article reviews diagnostic tests for anemia and suggests a rational approach to determining the etiology of a patient's anemia.

KW - Anemia

KW - Cytogenetics

KW - Diagnostic testing

KW - Macrocytic

KW - Microcytic

KW - Red cell indices

KW - Schistocytes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85008192111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85008192111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.mcna.2016.09.003

DO - 10.1016/j.mcna.2016.09.003

M3 - Review article

VL - 101

SP - 263

EP - 284

JO - Medical Clinics of North America

JF - Medical Clinics of North America

SN - 0025-7125

IS - 2

ER -