An update on the impact of pre-transplant transfusions and allosensitization on time to renal transplant and on allograft survival

Juan C. Scornik, Jonathan S. Bromberg, Douglas J. Norman, Mayank Bhanderi, Matthew Gitlin, Jeffrey Petersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Blood transfusions have the potential to improve graft survival, induce sensitization, and transmit infections. Current clinical practice is to minimize transfusions in renal transplantation candidates, but it is unclear if the evidence continues to support pre-transplant transfusion avoidance. Changes in the Medicare prospective payment system may increase transfusion rates. Thus there is a need to re-evaluate the literature to improve the management options for renal transplant candidates. Methods. A review applying a systematic approach and conducted using MEDLINE®, Embase®, and the Cochrane Library for English-language publications (timeframe: 01/1984-03/2011) captured 180 studies and data from publically available registries and assessed the impact of transfusions on allosensitization and graft survival, and the impact of allosensitization on graft survival and wait time. Results: Blood transfusions continued to be a major cause of allosensitization, with allosensitization associated with increased rejection and graft loss, and longer wait times to transplantation. Although older studies showed a beneficial effect of transfusion on graft survival, this benefit has largely disappeared in the post-cyclosporine era due to improved graft outcomes with current practice. Recent data suggested that it may be the donor-specific antibody component of allosensitization that carried the risk to graft outcomes. Conclusions: Results of this review indicated that avoiding transfusions whenever possible is a sound management option that could prevent detrimental effects in patients awaiting kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number217
JournalBMC Nephrology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Allosensitization
  • Graft survival
  • Renal transplant
  • Transfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'An update on the impact of pre-transplant transfusions and allosensitization on time to renal transplant and on allograft survival'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this