Genital masculinizing gender-affirming surgery is a growing field. Because of a spectrum of gender identity, gender expression, sexual expression, patient desires, and patient tolerance for complications, options for surgery vary accordingly. Shaft-only phalloplasty avoids urethral lengthening, but may still be accompanied by hysterectomy, vaginectomy, scrotoplasty, clitoroplasty (burying of the clitoris), glansplasty, and placement of erectile devices and testicular implants. Patients who desire retention of vaginal canal patency are candidates for vaginal preservation vulvoscrotoplasty; however, there is a paucity of literature describing the procedure and its outcomes. In this article, the authors review the technique used by the senior author at Oregon Health and Science University and report surgical outcomes for four patients. Future studies regarding patient-recorded outcome measures, aesthetics, sexual function, urologic function, patient satisfaction, and conversion to other options will help surgeons better understand patients pursuing gender-affirming surgery through shaft-only phalloplasty.
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