An institutional assessment of sperm cryospreservation and fertility counselling in pubertal male cancer survivors

Akash Kapadia, Poone S. Shoureshi, Jasper Bash, Da David Jiang, Susan Lindemulder, Jason Hedges, Casey A. Seideman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Improved survivorship after treatment of pediatric malignancies has dramatically increased, while pre-treatment fertility preservation in this population has not kept pace. New guidelines emphasize fertility preservation in young adolescents, but the impact of these guidelines is unknown. Objectives: We sought to evaluate the rate of fertility preservation among at-risk adolescents diagnosed with cancer at our institution, as well as evaluate barriers to fertility preservation. Design: We performed an IRB-approved historical cohort study of adolescent males 13 years and older evaluated in the Pediatric Hematology-Oncology clinic at Doernbecher Children's Hospital from 2010 to 2018. Electronic chart review was used assess discussion of fertility preservation and barrier to successful preservation in boys with a new diagnosis of cancer who received systemic chemotherapy and/or gonadal or pelvic irradiation. Results: 82 boys were included in the study. Forty-two (51%) received counselling about fertility preservation, and of those 29 (70%) successfully banked sperm. Neither counseling for fertility preservation nor success at sperm banking differed by patient age, but both differed by malignancy. Patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma had the highest rate of counselling, while those with leukemia had the lowest. Acute illness as a barrier to preservation was found in 40% of those who did not receive counselling. Discussion: Our study demonstrates a stagnant rate of fertility counseling and preservation despite increased advocacy. The retrospective nature of our study limited our ability to assess the counselling that occurred, and the lack of granular race data limited study of the implicit selection bias that may be involved in such counseling. As more institutions move toward a multi-disciplinary care model, we believe that pediatric urologists or fertility specialists must play a vocal role in the care of these at-risk adolescents. Conclusion: Despite increasing advocacy for fertility preservation, our data shows no significant change in previously reported trends. Patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma have a higher rate of counseling and cryopreservation in comparison to those with other malignancies.[Formula presented]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474.e1-474.e4
JournalJournal of Pediatric Urology
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Fertility
  • Oncofertility
  • Oncology
  • Pediatric urology
  • Sperm cryopreservation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Urology

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