An autosomal locus that controls chromosomewide replication timing and mono-allelic expression

Eric P. Stoffregen, Nathan Donley, Daniel Stauffer, Leslie Smith, Mathew (Matt) Thayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mammalian DNA replication initiates at multiple sites along chromosomes at different times, following a temporal replication program. Homologous alleles typically replicate synchronously; however, mono-allelically expressed genes such as imprinted genes, allelically excluded genes and genes on the female X chromosome replicate asynchronously. We have used a chromosome engineering strategy to identify a human autosomal locus that controls this replication timing program in cis. We show that Cre/loxP-mediated rearrangements at a discrete locus at 6q16.1 result in delayed replication of the entire chromosome. This locus displays asynchronous replication timing that is coordinated with other mono-allelically expressed genes on chromosome 6. Characterization of this locus revealed mono-allelic expression of a large intergenic non-coding RNA, which we have named asynchronous replication and autosomal RNA on chromosome 6, ASAR6. Finally, disruption of this locus results in the activation of the previously silent alleles of linked mono-allelically expressed genes. We previously found that chromosome rearrangements involving eight different autosomes display delayed replication timing, and that cells containing chromosomes with delayed replication timing have a 30-80-fold increase in the rate at which new gross chromosomal rearrangements occurred. Taken together, these observations indicate that human autosomes contain discrete cis-acting loci that control chromosome-wide replication timing, mono-allelic expression and the stability of entire chromosomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2366-2378
Number of pages13
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume20
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

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Internal-External Control
Chromosomes
Genes
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6
DNA Replication Timing
Alleles
Untranslated RNA
Chromosomal Instability
X Chromosome
DNA Replication
RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

An autosomal locus that controls chromosomewide replication timing and mono-allelic expression. / Stoffregen, Eric P.; Donley, Nathan; Stauffer, Daniel; Smith, Leslie; Thayer, Mathew (Matt).

In: Human Molecular Genetics, Vol. 20, No. 12, 06.2011, p. 2366-2378.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stoffregen, Eric P. ; Donley, Nathan ; Stauffer, Daniel ; Smith, Leslie ; Thayer, Mathew (Matt). / An autosomal locus that controls chromosomewide replication timing and mono-allelic expression. In: Human Molecular Genetics. 2011 ; Vol. 20, No. 12. pp. 2366-2378.
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