An annotation scheme for complex disfluencies

Peter A. Heeman, Andy McMillin, J. Scott Yaruss

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we present an annotation scheme for disfluencies. Unlike previous schemes, this scheme allows complex disfluencies with multiple backtracking points to be annotated, which are common in stuttered speech. The scheme specifies each disfluency in terms of word-level annotations, thus making the scheme useful for building sophisticated language models of disfluencies. As determining the annotation codes is quite difficult, we have developed a pen and paper procedure in which the annotator lines up the words into rows and columns, from which it is straight-forward for the annotator to determine the annotation tags.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationINTERSPEECH 2006 and 9th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, INTERSPEECH 2006 - ICSLP
PublisherInternational Speech Communication Association
Pages1081-1084
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781604234497
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
EventINTERSPEECH 2006 and 9th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, INTERSPEECH 2006 - ICSLP - Pittsburgh, PA, United States
Duration: Sep 17 2006Sep 21 2006

Publication series

NameINTERSPEECH 2006 and 9th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, INTERSPEECH 2006 - ICSLP
Volume3

Other

OtherINTERSPEECH 2006 and 9th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, INTERSPEECH 2006 - ICSLP
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh, PA
Period9/17/069/21/06

Keywords

  • Annotation scheme
  • Disfluencies
  • Stuttered speech

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Heeman, P. A., McMillin, A., & Yaruss, J. S. (2006). An annotation scheme for complex disfluencies. In INTERSPEECH 2006 and 9th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, INTERSPEECH 2006 - ICSLP (pp. 1081-1084). (INTERSPEECH 2006 and 9th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, INTERSPEECH 2006 - ICSLP; Vol. 3). International Speech Communication Association.