Amino-terminal sequences of prosomatostatin direct intracellular targeting but not processing specificity

Kevin A. Sevarino, Philip Stork, Roseann Ventimiglia, Gail Mandel, Richard Goodman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rat preprosomatostatin (rPPSS) is processed to two bioactive peptides, somatostatin-14 and somatostatin-28. In anglerfish islets, the two peptides are synthesized by distinct cell types and are derived from different precursors, anglerfish preprosomatostatin-1 (a(I)PPSS) and anglerfish preprosomatostatin-2 (a(II)PPSS). To determine the basis of the differential processing, we introduced a(I)PPSS or a(II)PPSS expression vectors into mammalian endocrine cell lines that can accomplish both patterns of processing. Both precursors were processed identically, indicating that cellular factors must determine the processing pattern. Although similar processing sites are present in both precursors, high levels of unprocessed anglerfish prosomatostatin-2 were secreted constitutively from the transfected cells. A hybrid protein containing the leader sequence and a portion of the pro-region of rPPSS fused to the carboxy-terminal third of a(II)PPSS was processed and secreted via a regulated pathway. We conclude that the amino-terminal 78 residues of rPPSS contain sufficient information to correct the targeting deficiency of a(II)PPSS in mammalian endocrine cell lines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-19
Number of pages9
JournalCell
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 7 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Endocrine Cells
Rats
Somatostatin-28
Processing
Cell Line
Peptides
Cells
Somatostatin
prosomatostatin
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Amino-terminal sequences of prosomatostatin direct intracellular targeting but not processing specificity. / Sevarino, Kevin A.; Stork, Philip; Ventimiglia, Roseann; Mandel, Gail; Goodman, Richard.

In: Cell, Vol. 57, No. 1, 07.04.1989, p. 11-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Rat preprosomatostatin (rPPSS) is processed to two bioactive peptides, somatostatin-14 and somatostatin-28. In anglerfish islets, the two peptides are synthesized by distinct cell types and are derived from different precursors, anglerfish preprosomatostatin-1 (a(I)PPSS) and anglerfish preprosomatostatin-2 (a(II)PPSS). To determine the basis of the differential processing, we introduced a(I)PPSS or a(II)PPSS expression vectors into mammalian endocrine cell lines that can accomplish both patterns of processing. Both precursors were processed identically, indicating that cellular factors must determine the processing pattern. Although similar processing sites are present in both precursors, high levels of unprocessed anglerfish prosomatostatin-2 were secreted constitutively from the transfected cells. A hybrid protein containing the leader sequence and a portion of the pro-region of rPPSS fused to the carboxy-terminal third of a(II)PPSS was processed and secreted via a regulated pathway. We conclude that the amino-terminal 78 residues of rPPSS contain sufficient information to correct the targeting deficiency of a(II)PPSS in mammalian endocrine cell lines.

AB - Rat preprosomatostatin (rPPSS) is processed to two bioactive peptides, somatostatin-14 and somatostatin-28. In anglerfish islets, the two peptides are synthesized by distinct cell types and are derived from different precursors, anglerfish preprosomatostatin-1 (a(I)PPSS) and anglerfish preprosomatostatin-2 (a(II)PPSS). To determine the basis of the differential processing, we introduced a(I)PPSS or a(II)PPSS expression vectors into mammalian endocrine cell lines that can accomplish both patterns of processing. Both precursors were processed identically, indicating that cellular factors must determine the processing pattern. Although similar processing sites are present in both precursors, high levels of unprocessed anglerfish prosomatostatin-2 were secreted constitutively from the transfected cells. A hybrid protein containing the leader sequence and a portion of the pro-region of rPPSS fused to the carboxy-terminal third of a(II)PPSS was processed and secreted via a regulated pathway. We conclude that the amino-terminal 78 residues of rPPSS contain sufficient information to correct the targeting deficiency of a(II)PPSS in mammalian endocrine cell lines.

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