The finding that two subunits of the proteasome, LMP2 and LMP7, are encoded in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) has linked the proteasome which represents a major extralysosomal proteolytic system to the processing of intracellular antigens. Here we describe a second form of the human LMP7 cDNA, LMP7-E2, which has been identified during the characterization of novel genes in the MHC. The analysis of the genome organization of LMP7 revealed that LMP7-E1 and LMP7-E2 arise by alternative exon usage. Using specific antibodies against LMP2 and LMP7, we show that they are co-expressed with class I MHC molecules as well as a putative peptide transporter. The polypeptides encoded by LMP7 and LMP2 undergo proteolytic processing when incorporated into proteasomes, and the LMP7 precursor is derived mainly from LMP7-E2. Furthermore, our data suggest that LMP7 and LMP2 are mutually dependent for their incorporation into the proteasomal complex.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology