Alterations in B cell development, CDR-H3 repertoire and dsDNA-binding antibody production among C57BL/6 ΔD−iD mice congenic for the lupus susceptibility loci sle1, sle2 or sle3

Mohamed Khass, Robert Schelonka, Cun Ren Liu, Ada Elgavish, Laurence Morel, Peter D. Burrows, Harry W. Schroeder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that reflects a failure to block the production of self-reactive antibodies, especially those that bind double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). Backcrossing the lupus-prone NZM2410 genome onto C57BL/6 led to the identification of three genomic intervals, termed sle1, sle2 and sle3, which are associated with lupus susceptibility. We previously generated a C57BL/6 strain congenic for an immunoglobulin DH locus (ΔD–iD) that enriches for arginine at dsDNA-binding positions. We individually introduced the ΔD–iD allele into the three sle strains to test whether one or more of these susceptibility loci could affect the developmental fate of B cells bearing arginine-enriched CDR-H3s, the CDR-H3 repertoire created by the DH and the prevalence of dsDNA-binding antibodies. We found that the combination of the ΔD–iD allele and the sle1 locus led to a decrease in mature, recirculating B cell numbers and an increase in marginal zone cell numbers while maintaining a highly charged CDR-H3 repertoire. ΔD–iD and sle2 had no effect on peripheral B cell numbers, but the CDR-H3 repertoire was partially normalized. ΔD–iD and sle3 led to an increase in marginal zone B cell numbers, with some normalization of hydrophobicity. Mice with ΔD–iD combined with either sle1 or sle3 had increased production of dsDNA-binding IgM and IgG by 12 months of age. These findings indicate that the peripheral CDR-H3 repertoire can be categorically manipulated by the effects of nonimmunoglobulin genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalAutoimmunity
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2017

Fingerprint

Congenic Mice
Antibody Formation
B-Lymphocytes
Cell Count
DNA
Arginine
Alleles
Inbreeding
Antibodies
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Autoimmune Diseases
Immunoglobulin M
Immunoglobulins
Immunoglobulin G
Genome
Genes

Keywords

  • B-cell repertoire
  • CDR-H3 and diversity gene segments
  • D
  • Sle
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • third complementary determining region heavy chain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Alterations in B cell development, CDR-H3 repertoire and dsDNA-binding antibody production among C57BL/6 ΔD−iD mice congenic for the lupus susceptibility loci sle1, sle2 or sle3. / Khass, Mohamed; Schelonka, Robert; Liu, Cun Ren; Elgavish, Ada; Morel, Laurence; Burrows, Peter D.; Schroeder, Harry W.

In: Autoimmunity, Vol. 50, No. 1, 02.01.2017, p. 42-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khass, Mohamed ; Schelonka, Robert ; Liu, Cun Ren ; Elgavish, Ada ; Morel, Laurence ; Burrows, Peter D. ; Schroeder, Harry W. / Alterations in B cell development, CDR-H3 repertoire and dsDNA-binding antibody production among C57BL/6 ΔD−iD mice congenic for the lupus susceptibility loci sle1, sle2 or sle3. In: Autoimmunity. 2017 ; Vol. 50, No. 1. pp. 42-51.
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