Akt inhibition enhances expansion of potent tumor-specific lymphocytes with memory cell characteristics

Joseph G. Crompton, Madhusudhanan Sukumar, Rahul Roychoudhuri, David Clever, Alena Gros, Robert L. Eil, Eric Tran, Ken Ichi Hanada, Zhiya Yu, Douglas C. Palmer, Sid P. Kerkar, Ryan D. Michalek, Trevor Upham, Anthony Leonardi, Nicolas Acquavella, Ena Wang, Francesco M. Marincola, Luca Gattinoni, Pawel Muranski, Mark S. SundrudChristopher A. Klebanoff, Steven A. Rosenberg, Douglas T. Fearon, Nicholas P. Restifo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

223 Scopus citations


Adoptive cell therapy (ACT) using autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) results in complete regression of advanced cancer in some patients, but the efficacy of this potentially curative therapy may be limited by poor persistence of TIL after adoptive transfer. Pharmacologic inhibition of the serine/ threonine kinase Akt has recently been shown to promote immunologic memory in virus-specific murine models, but whether this approach enhances features of memory (e.g., long-term persistence) in TIL that are characteristically exhausted and senescent is not established. Here, we show that pharmacologic inhibition of Akt enables expansion of TIL with the transcriptional, metabolic, and functional properties characteristic of memory T cells. Consequently, Akt inhibition results in enhanced persistence of TIL after adoptive transfer into an immunodeficient animal model and augments antitumor immunity of CD8 T cells in a mouse model of cell-based immunotherapy. Pharmacologic inhibition of Akt represents a novel immunometabolomic approach to enhance the persistence of antitumor T cells and improve the efficacy of cell-based immunotherapy for metastatic cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-305
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 8 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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