We tested two hypotheses: 1) that cerebral blood flow, oxygen consumption, and evoked potentials recover to preischemic values at 120 minutes of reperfusion more completely in 1-2-week-old piglets than in 6-10-month-old pigs after complete ischemia; and 2) that recovery of cerebral blood flow, oxygen consumption, and electrical function in piglets and pigs at 120 minutes of reperfusion is better after incomplete than after complete ischemia. During 30 minutes of ischemia produced by intracranial pressure elevation, cerebral blood flow determined by the microspheres technique was decreased to 0-1 ml/min/100 g with complete ischemia, to 1-10 ml/min/100 g with severe incomplete ischemia, or to 10-20 ml/min/100 g with moderate incomplete ischemia. During reperfusion after complete ischemia, both piglets and pigs demonstrated hyperemia but delayed hypoperfusion occurred in more brain regions in pigs, oxygen consumption returned to preischemic values in piglets but not in pigs (70±10%of preischemic values), and evoked potentials recovered better in piglets than in pigs (24±4% and 9±4% of preischemic values, respectively). Both piglets and pigs had fewer brain areas with hyperemia and hypoperfusion and improved oxygen consumption and electrical function during recovery from incomplete than from complete ischemia. We speculate that piglets tolerate complete ischemia better than pigs because of decreased reperfusion injury and that both groups recover better from incomplete than complete ischemia because of improved substrate supply during ischemia.
- Cerebral blood flow
- Electroencephalogram evoked potentials
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing