Purpose of review: The past two decades have seen tremendous technological advances in the care of infants and children with congenital and acquired heart disease. Recent advances in postoperative management have made it possible to support smaller and more fragile infants, extended the capabilities of extracorporeal circulation, and have brought new and innovative monitoring capabilities to the intensive care unit. Recent findings: We chose to focus our review on four main themes: management of pulmonary hypertension, mechanical support of the myocardium, near infrared spectroscopy, and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. Summary: As operative and cardiopulmonary bypass techniques have evolved, early complete repair in neonates and repair of more complex lesions is now possible, creating new challenges for postoperative care in the intensive care unit. Additionally, recognition and management of newly appreciated complications is essential.
- Cerebral oximetry
- Heparin induced thrombocytopenia
- Mechanical circulatory support
- Pediatric cardiac care
- Pulmonary hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine