Advances in high-resolution imaging and computational unfolding of the human hippocampus

Arne D. Ekstrom, Adam J. Bazih, Nanthia A. Suthana, Ramsey Al-Hakim, Kenji Ogura, Michael Zeineh, Alison C. Burggren, Susan Y. Bookheimer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hippocampus is often a difficult structure to visualize with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional MRI (fMRI) due to its convoluted nature and susceptibility to signal dropout. Improving our ability to pinpoint changes in neural activity using fMRI in this structure remains an important challenge. Current fMRI/MRI methods typically do not permit visualization of the hippocampus and surrounding cortex at a resolution less than 1 mm. We present here improvements to our previous methods for obtaining structural MR images of the hippocampus, which provided an in-plane resolution of 0.4 mm2 mm and two-dimensional "flat" maps of the hippocampus with an interpolated isotropic resolution of 0.4 mm3 (Engel, S.A., Glover, G.H., and Wandell, B.A., (1997). Retinotopic organization in human visual cortex and the spatial precision of functional MRI. Cereb. Cortex 7, 181-192.; Zeineh, M.M., Engel, S.A., and Bookheimer, S.Y., (2000). Application of cortical unfolding techniques to functional MRI of the human hippocampal region. NeuroImage 11, 668-683.). We present changes to existing structural imaging sequences that now augment the resolution of previous scans, permitting visualization of the anterior portion of CA1, parts of the dentate gyrus, and CA23. These imaging improvements are of relevance generally to the field of imaging because they permit higher overall resolution imaging of the hippocampus than previously possible (at 3 T). We also introduce a novel application of a computational interpolation method that improves our ability to capture the convoluted three-dimensional shape of the hippocampus. Furthermore, we have developed a quantitative method for obtaining group activation patterns based on producing averaged flat maps using vector field warping techniques, allowing localization of activations to specific hippocampal subregions across groups of subjects. Together, these methods provide a means to improve imaging of neural activity in the human hippocampus and surrounding cortex during cognitive tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-49
Number of pages8
JournalNeuroImage
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hippocampus
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Dentate Gyrus
Visual Cortex
Human Activities

Keywords

  • fMRI
  • High-resolution imaging
  • Hippocampus
  • MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Ekstrom, A. D., Bazih, A. J., Suthana, N. A., Al-Hakim, R., Ogura, K., Zeineh, M., ... Bookheimer, S. Y. (2009). Advances in high-resolution imaging and computational unfolding of the human hippocampus. NeuroImage, 47(1), 42-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.03.017

Advances in high-resolution imaging and computational unfolding of the human hippocampus. / Ekstrom, Arne D.; Bazih, Adam J.; Suthana, Nanthia A.; Al-Hakim, Ramsey; Ogura, Kenji; Zeineh, Michael; Burggren, Alison C.; Bookheimer, Susan Y.

In: NeuroImage, Vol. 47, No. 1, 01.08.2009, p. 42-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ekstrom, AD, Bazih, AJ, Suthana, NA, Al-Hakim, R, Ogura, K, Zeineh, M, Burggren, AC & Bookheimer, SY 2009, 'Advances in high-resolution imaging and computational unfolding of the human hippocampus', NeuroImage, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 42-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.03.017
Ekstrom, Arne D. ; Bazih, Adam J. ; Suthana, Nanthia A. ; Al-Hakim, Ramsey ; Ogura, Kenji ; Zeineh, Michael ; Burggren, Alison C. ; Bookheimer, Susan Y. / Advances in high-resolution imaging and computational unfolding of the human hippocampus. In: NeuroImage. 2009 ; Vol. 47, No. 1. pp. 42-49.
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