Adult lupus-prone MRL/MpJ2+ mice express a primary antibody repertoire that differs in CDR-H3 length distribution and hydrophobicity from that expressed in the C3H parental strain

Michael Zemlin, Gregory C. Ippolito, Cosima Zemlin, Jason Link, Marc Monestier, Harry W. Schroeder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anti-dsDNA antibodies tend to be enriched for heavy chain complementarity determining region 3 (CDR-H3) intervals of above average length that contain an increased frequency of charged amino acids. It is unclear whether these types of CDR-H3s are more common in the primary B-cell repertoire of auto-immune prone strains or whether their increased prevalence in affected individuals reflects positive selection and expansion of atypical CDR-H3s in the pathogenic response to self-antigen. Here, we present evidence that when compared to C3H, a MRL/MpJ2+ parental strain, CDR-H3 intervals from pre-B cells of adult lupus-prone MRL/MpJ2+ mice are longer on average and are enriched for charged amino acids. The predicted prevalence of deformed loops per Shirai H3 criteria is also higher. In contrast, the frequency of charge, the distribution of length, and the pattern of predicted deformed loop structures did not differ in sequences obtained from neonates of the same two strains. These observations suggest that the mechanisms that serve to shape the initial CDR-H3 repertoire in adults, but not neonates, are being regulated differently in C3H versus MRL/MpJ2+. Dysregulation of the adult pre-B CDR-H3 antibody repertoire could be a contributing factor for the development of florid auto-immune disease in MRL/MpJ2+ mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)789-798
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005

Keywords

  • Auto-antibodies
  • B-cell repertoire
  • Hydrophobicity
  • Immunoglobulin heavy chain complementarity determining region 3
  • MRL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology

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