Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency: Diagnostic and Treatment Journeys From the Patients' Perspective

Andrew R. Hoffman, Tracy Mathison, Deno Andrews, Kristine Murray, Nicky Kelepouris, Maria Fleseriu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Adult growth hormone deficiency (AGHD) is a rare and serious condition associated with significant morbidity, including reduced quality of life, and is underdiagnosed and often missed in patients. Although the onset of AGHD can occur in either childhood or adulthood, adult-onset AGHD is more difficult to identify as it lacks the auxologic signs caused by GHD during childhood, includes symptoms that tend to be nonspecific, and lacks reliable, simple biomarker testing options. A panel of 9 patients with AGHD (3 with childhood onset; 6 with adult onset) was assembled to share their first-hand experiences, to help reveal important areas of need, increase health literacy, and to raise awareness about GHD among patients, caregivers, and healthcare practitioners. Interviews with patients yielded valuable insights from the patient perspective to supplement prior knowledge about AGHD symptomatology, biomarker testing, and treatment outcomes. Some patients described a burdensome and ineffective screening process that sometimes included many visits to different specialists, repeated rounds of biomarker testing, and, in some cases, excessive delays in AGHD diagnosis. All patients expressed frustration with insurance companies that often resist and/or delay treatment authorization and reimbursement and frequently require additional testing to verify the diagnosis, often leading to treatment gaps. These findings emphasize the necessity of more efficient identification and screening of patients with possible AGHD, better recognition by clinicians and insurance providers of the importance of sustained GH replacement therapy during adulthood, and better patient support for accessing and maintaining uninterrupted GH replacement therapy for patients with documented AGHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberbvac077
JournalJournal of the Endocrine Society
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022


  • adult-onset growth hormone deficiency
  • childhood-onset growth hormone deficiency
  • growth hormone replacement therapy
  • growth hormone stimulation testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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