Addressing tobacco cessation at federally qualified health centers: Current practices & resources

Susan A. Flocke, Robin Vanderpool, Genevieve Birkby, Heidi Gullett, Elizabeth L. Seaman, Stephanie Land, Steve Zeliadt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study assesses the current practices of Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) to address tobacco cessation with patients. A national sample of 112 FQHC medical directors completed the web- based survey. Frequently endorsed barriers to providing tobacco cessation services were: patients lacking insurance coverage (35%), limited transportation (27%), and variance in coverage of cessation services by insurance type (26%). Nearly 50% indicated that two or more tobacco cessation resources met the needs of their patients; 25% had one resource, and the remaining 25% had no resources. There were no differences among resource groups in the use of electronic health record (EHR) best- practice- alerts for tobacco use or in the perceived barriers to providing tobacco cessation assistance. Systems changes to harmonize coverage of tobacco assistance, such as broader accessibility to evidence- based cessation services could have a positive impact on the efforts of FQHCs to provide tobacco cessation assistance to their patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1024-1036
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of health care for the poor and underserved
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

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Keywords

  • Community health centers
  • Federally qualified health centers
  • Tobacco
  • Tobacco cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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