Acute lysine overload provokes protein oxidative damage and reduction of antioxidant defenses in the brain of infant glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficient mice: A role for oxidative stress in GA i neuropathology

Bianca Seminotti, Rafael Teixeira Ribeiro, Alexandre Umpierrez Amaral, Mateus Struecker Da Rosa, Carolina Coffi Pereira, Guilhian Leipnitz, David M. Koeller, Stephen Goodman, Michael Woontner, Moacir Wajner

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11 Scopus citations


We evaluated the antioxidant defense system and protein oxidative damage in the brain and liver of 15-day-old GCDH deficient knockout (Gcdh-/-) mice following an acute intraperitoneal administration of Lys (8 μmol/g). We determined reduced glutathione (GSH) concentrations, sulfhydryl content, carbonyl formation and the activities of the antioxidant enzymes glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione reductase (GR) in the brain and liver of these animals. 2′,7′- dihydrodichlorofluorescein (DCFH) oxidation was also measured as an index of free radical formation. The only parameters altered in Gcdh-/- compared to wild type (Gcdh+/+) mice were a reduction of liver GSH concentrations and of brain sulfhydryl content. Acute Lys injection provoked a decrease of GSH concentration in the brain and sulfhydryl content in the liver, and an increase in carbonyl formation in the brain and liver of Gcdh -/- mice. Lys administration also induced a decrease of all antioxidant enzyme activities in the brain, as well as an increase of the activities of SOD and CAT in the liver of Gcdh-/- mice. Finally, Lys elicited a marked increase of DCFH oxidation in the brain and liver. It is concluded that Lys overload compromises the brain antioxidant defenses and induces protein oxidation probably secondary to reactive species generation in infant Gcdh+/+ mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-113
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Sep 15 2014



  • 3-Hydroxyglutaric acid
  • Antioxidant defenses
  • Brain damage
  • Glutaric acid
  • Glutaric acidemia type I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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