Acute effect of diuretics on central hemodynamics in the early postoperative period

Per-Olof Järnberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects on the central circulation of furosemide and mannitol in the second postoperative hour were studied in 2 groups of 8 patients, who had undergone upper abdominal surgery. Cardiac output [Q(T)] was measured with thermodilution technique. Systemic arterial (SBP), pulmonary arterial (PAP), right atrial (RAP) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) were recorded. Pulmonary (PVR) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) were calculated. Neuroleptic anesthesia was used. One hour after the termination of anesthesia central hemodynamics were assessed. Furosemide 1 mg/kg or mannitol 0.5 g/kg was then infused. Determinations of central circulation and Q(T) were then performed at 10, 30 and 50 min after the infusion. In the furosemide group RAP remained stable. Decreases were found in: Q(T) from 6.24 to 5.00 l/min (P <0.001), SBP from 13.8 to 12.0 kPa (P <0.05), PAP from 1.76 to 1.23 kPa (P <0.01) and PCWP from 1.06 to 0.71 kPa (P <0.01). Increases were found in SVR from 2.15 to 2.51 kPa x min x l-1 (P <0.05) and PVR from 0.12 to 0.15 (P <0.05). In the mannitol group SBP, RAP and PVR remained stable. Increases were found in: Q(T) from 5.55 to 7.08 l/min (P <0.001), PAP from 1.98 to 2.63 kPa (P <0.01) and PCWP from 1.05 to 1.42 kPa (P <0.05). SVR decreased from 2.17 to 1.93 kPa x min x l-1 (P <0.05). The effect of furosemide is probably due to a reduction in central blood volume and decreased filling pressure and Q(T); while mannitol increased preload and Q(T). These findings suggest that mannitol should be preferred to furosemide as a first hand diuretic in postoperative (posttraumatic) patients without known cardiovascular disease associated with increased preload.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Volume3
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

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Furosemide
Mannitol
Diuretics
Postoperative Period
Vascular Resistance
Hemodynamics
Pulmonary Wedge Pressure
Anesthesia
Thermodilution
Blood Volume
Cardiac Output
Antipsychotic Agents
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pressure
Lung

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Acute effect of diuretics on central hemodynamics in the early postoperative period. / Järnberg, Per-Olof.

In: Intensive Care Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1977.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The effects on the central circulation of furosemide and mannitol in the second postoperative hour were studied in 2 groups of 8 patients, who had undergone upper abdominal surgery. Cardiac output [Q(T)] was measured with thermodilution technique. Systemic arterial (SBP), pulmonary arterial (PAP), right atrial (RAP) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) were recorded. Pulmonary (PVR) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) were calculated. Neuroleptic anesthesia was used. One hour after the termination of anesthesia central hemodynamics were assessed. Furosemide 1 mg/kg or mannitol 0.5 g/kg was then infused. Determinations of central circulation and Q(T) were then performed at 10, 30 and 50 min after the infusion. In the furosemide group RAP remained stable. Decreases were found in: Q(T) from 6.24 to 5.00 l/min (P <0.001), SBP from 13.8 to 12.0 kPa (P <0.05), PAP from 1.76 to 1.23 kPa (P <0.01) and PCWP from 1.06 to 0.71 kPa (P <0.01). Increases were found in SVR from 2.15 to 2.51 kPa x min x l-1 (P <0.05) and PVR from 0.12 to 0.15 (P <0.05). In the mannitol group SBP, RAP and PVR remained stable. Increases were found in: Q(T) from 5.55 to 7.08 l/min (P <0.001), PAP from 1.98 to 2.63 kPa (P <0.01) and PCWP from 1.05 to 1.42 kPa (P <0.05). SVR decreased from 2.17 to 1.93 kPa x min x l-1 (P <0.05). The effect of furosemide is probably due to a reduction in central blood volume and decreased filling pressure and Q(T); while mannitol increased preload and Q(T). These findings suggest that mannitol should be preferred to furosemide as a first hand diuretic in postoperative (posttraumatic) patients without known cardiovascular disease associated with increased preload.",
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