Activation of tumor suppressor protein PP2A inhibits KRAS-driven tumor growth

Jaya Sangodkar, Abbey Perl, Rita Tohme, Janna Kiselar, David B. Kastrinsky, Nilesh Zaware, Sudeh Izadmehr, Sahar Mazhar, Danica D. Wiredja, Caitlin M. O'Connor, Divya Hoon, Neil S. Dhawan, Daniela Schlatzer, Shen Yao, Daniel Leonard, Alain C. Borczuk, Giridharan Gokulrangan, Lifu Wang, Elena Svenson, Caroline C. FarringtonEric Yuan, Rita A. Avelar, Agnes Stachnik, Blake Smith, Vickram Gidwani, Heather M. Giannini, Daniel McQuaid, Kimberly McClinch, Zhizhi Wang, Alice C. Levine, Rosalie C. Sears, Edward Y. Chen, Qiaonan Duan, Manish Datt, Shozeb Haider, Avi Ma'Ayan, Analisa DiFeo, Neelesh Sharma, Matthew D. Galsky, David L. Brautigan, Yiannis A. Ioannou, Wenqing Xu, Mark R. Chance, Michael Ohlmeyer, Goutham Narla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Targeted cancer therapies, which act on specific cancer-associated molecular targets, are predominantly inhibitors of oncogenic kinases. While these drugs have achieved some clinical success, the inactivation of kinase signaling via stimulation of endogenous phosphatases has received minimal attention as an alternative targeted approach. Here, we have demonstrated that activation of the tumor suppressor protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), a negative regulator of multiple oncogenic signaling proteins, is a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of cancers. Our group previously developed a series of orally bioavailable small molecule activators of PP2A, termed SMAPs. We now report that SMAP treatment inhibited the growth of KRAS-mutant lung cancers in mouse xenografts and transgenic models. Mechanistically, we found that SMAPs act by binding to the PP2A Aα scaffold subunit to drive conformational changes in PP2A. These results show that PP2A can be activated in cancer cells to inhibit proliferation. Our strategy of reactivating endogenous PP2A may be applicable to the treatment of other diseases and represents an advancement toward the development of small molecule activators of tumor suppressor proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2081-2090
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume127
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Sangodkar, J., Perl, A., Tohme, R., Kiselar, J., Kastrinsky, D. B., Zaware, N., Izadmehr, S., Mazhar, S., Wiredja, D. D., O'Connor, C. M., Hoon, D., Dhawan, N. S., Schlatzer, D., Yao, S., Leonard, D., Borczuk, A. C., Gokulrangan, G., Wang, L., Svenson, E., ... Narla, G. (2017). Activation of tumor suppressor protein PP2A inhibits KRAS-driven tumor growth. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 127(6), 2081-2090. https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI89548