To determine whether ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation leads to activation of HIV in human skin, we conducted prospective and controlled studies in two academic medical centers in Texas from July 1995 to April 1999. HIV-positive patients with UV-treatable skin diseases were enrolled at each center, 18 subjects at one and 16 at the other. In one center, specimens from lesional and non-lesional skin biopsies were taken before and after shamor UVB-irradiation administered in vivo or in vitro. In the other center, UVB phototherapy was administered three times weekly and specimens from skin biopsies were taken before and after 2 weeks (six treatments). Cutaneous HIV load was assessed using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in situ hybridization. UVB irradiation led to a 6-10-fold increase in the number of HIV in skin. To ascertain a role for nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) in UVB-inducible HIV activation, two types of blockers, NFκB oligonucleotide decoy and sodium salicylate, were tested; each inhibited UVB-inducible HIV activation in skin partially. We conclude that UVB irradiation leads to increased numbers of HIV in human skin via processes that include release of cytoplasmic NFκB.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Photochemistry and photobiology|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry